Anti - Proliferative and apoptotic activities of müllerian inhibiting substance combined with calcitriol in ovarian cancer cell lines

Yeon Soo Jung, Hee Jung Kim, Seok Kyo Seo, Young Sik Choi, Eun Ji Nam, Sunghoon Kim, Sang Wun Kim, Hyuck Dong Han, Jae Wook Kim, Young Tae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate whether Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) in combination with calcitriol modulates proliferation and apoptosis of human ovarian cancer (OCa) cell lines (SKOV3, OVCAR3, and OVCA433) and identify the signaling pathway by which MIS mediates apoptosis. Materials and Methods: OCa cell lines were treated with MIS in the absence or presence of calcitriol. Cell viability and proliferation were evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and apoptosis was evaluated by DNA fragmentation assay. Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to determine the signaling pathway. Results: The cells showed specific staining for the MIS type II receptor. Treatment of OCa cells with MIS and calcitriol led to dose-and time-dependent inhibition of cell growth and survival. The combination treatment significantly suppressed cell growth, down-regulated the expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), and up-regulated the expressions of Bcl-2 associated X protein, caspase-3, and caspase-9 through the extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling pathway. Conclusion: These results, coupled with a much-needed decrease in the toxic side effects of currently employed therapeutic agents, provide a strong rationale for testing the therapeutic potential of MIS, alone or in combination with calcitriol, in the treatment of OCa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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