Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody in intestinal Behçet's disease patients: Relation to clinical course

Chang Hwan Choi, Tae Il Kim, Byung Chang Kim, Sung Jae Shin, Sang Kil Lee, Won Ho Kim, Hyon Suk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody positive rate in Behçet's disease and intestinal Behçet's disease and to evaluate whether anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody expression is associated with clinical findings at diagnosis and clinical course of intestinal Behçet's disease. METHODS: One hundred six patients with intestinal Behçet's disease, 30 patients with Behçet's disease, and 45 healthy control subjects were included. Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody was detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay. According to anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody expression, the various parameters at diagnosis, cumulative relapse rates, and cumulative probabilities of operation were analyzed. RESULTS: Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody positive rate was 44.3 percent in intestinal Behçet's disease, 3.3 percent in Behçet's disease, and 8.8 percent in healthy control subjects. In patients with intestinal Behçet's disease, age, gender, distribution of Behçet's disease subtype, symptoms, laboratory tests, and colonoscopic findings at diagnosis were not different according to anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody expression. Cumulative probability of a first operation was significantly higher in anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (+) intestinal Behçet's disease than in anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (-) intestinal Behçet's disease: 44.8 and 17.2 percent at one year, and 53 and 24.3 percent at two years after diagnosis, respectively (P = 0.006). The number of patients who underwent two or more operations was higher in anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (+) intestinal Behçet's disease than in anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (-) intestinal Behçet's disease (21.3 vs. 8.5 percent). The cumulative relapse rates were not different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody positive rate was 44.3 percent in intestinal Behçet's disease. Clinical findings at diagnosis and cumulative relapse rates of intestinal Behçet's disease were not found to be associated with anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody expression. However, patients with anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (+) intestinal Behçet's disease were more likely to receive surgical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1849-1859
Number of pages11
JournalDiseases of the colon and rectum
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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