Tuberculosis caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is a major infectious disease of the respiratory system. An early diagnosis followed by chemotherapy is the major control strategy. In an effort to identify the antigens suitable for immunodiagnosis and vaccines, the proteins secreted in a culture medium from the M. tuberculosis K-strain, which is the most prevalent among the clinical isolates in Korea and belongs to the Beijing family, were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) and compared with those from the M. tuberculosis H37Rv and CDC1551 strains. Eight proteins, Rv0652, Rv1636, Rv2818c, Rv3369, Rv3865, Rv0566c, MT3304, and Rv3160, were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) or liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) and found to be relatively abundant in the culture medium from the M. tuberculosis K-strain but less so from the CDC1551 or H37Rv strains. In addition, Rv3874 (CFP-10), Rv-0560c and Rv3648c, which were expressed increasingly in the K and CDC1551 strains, were also identified using the same proteomics technology. All proteins were prepared by molecular cloning, expression in Escherichia coli followed by affinity purification. Among them, three proteins, rRv3369, rRv0566c, and rRv3874, were selected by prescreening and examined fortheir potential as serodiagnostic antigens using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. When 100 sera from tuberculosis patients and 100 sera from the healthy controls were analyzed, rRV3369, rRv3874, and rRv0566c showed a sensitivity of 60%, 74%, and 43%, and a specificity of 96%, 97%, and 84%, respectively. These results suggest that the rRv3369 and rRv3874 proteins, which were expressed more abundantly in the more recently obtained clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis than in the laboratory-adapted H37Rv strain, are promising for use in the serodiagnosis of tuberculosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology