Previously, antihypertensive treatment in severe aortic stenosis was considered a relative contraindication. However, recent studies have shown that antihypertensive treatment may be safe and even beneficial in terms of reducing the progression of left ventricular pressure overload and even retarding the progression of valvular aortic stenosis. To date, no randomized clinical trials have been performed and no definite treatment guideline exist for the proper antihypertensive regimens. Antihypertensive treatment with β-blockers has generally been avoided in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) due to the concerns for inducing left ventricular dysfunction and hemodynamic compromise in the presence of severe outflow tract obstruction. Although it remains unclear whether antihypertensive treatment with a β-blocker is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events in patients with AS, recent studies have shown that the use of β-blockers may be safe and may even be beneficial. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are upregulated in AS and have been shown to be involved in valve calcification and progression in both experimental models and in human trials. As such, theoretically, RAS inhibition would have benefit in retarding the progression of valvular stenosis as well as have benefit in left ventricle remodeling. Recent clinical studies are indeed showing that use of RAS inhibition may be beneficial in patients with AS. Future clinical trials to establish the ideal target blood pressure and antihypertensive regimens in severe AS is essential.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine