Antimony Chalcogenide van der Waals Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage

Rui Gusmão, Zdeněk Sofer, Jan Luxa, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among van der Waals nanomaterials, topological insulators such as antimony chalcogenides (Sb2X3, X = S, Se, Te) have interesting thermoelectric and optical properties. Expressly, Sb2S3 is regarded as a favorable anode material for batteries owing to its predicted specific capacity. Both Sb2S3 and Sb2Se3 have an isomorphous tubular one-dimensional (1D) crystal structure, whereas Sb2Te3 has a two-dimensional (2D) layered structure. The synthesized bulk crystals of Sb2X3 were submitted to liquid-phase shear force exfoliation. The 1D and 2D Sb2X3 undergo downsizing processes, also complemented by delamination, to submicron sheets and with an average thickness down to 37 nm. The inherent electrochemical and heterogeneous electron transfer properties of the materials were first studied. Exfoliated Sb2S3 had the best performance for the hydrogen evolution reaction in a wide pH range, with improvements in the overpotential of up to 500 mV, with respect to the starting material. Specifically, in acidic media, exfoliated Sb2S3 also has a good stability for multiple cycles and continuous operation. Likewise, exfoliated Sb2S3 had the highest gravimetric capacitive behavior in alkaline solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15790-15798
Number of pages9
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume7
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 16

Fingerprint

Antimony
antimony
Energy conversion
Energy storage
Nanostructures
Chalcogenides
delamination
Nanostructured materials
Delamination
crystal structure
optical property
Hydrogen
Anodes
Optical properties
Crystal structure
hydrogen
crystal
electron
Crystals
liquid

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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abstract = "Among van der Waals nanomaterials, topological insulators such as antimony chalcogenides (Sb2X3, X = S, Se, Te) have interesting thermoelectric and optical properties. Expressly, Sb2S3 is regarded as a favorable anode material for batteries owing to its predicted specific capacity. Both Sb2S3 and Sb2Se3 have an isomorphous tubular one-dimensional (1D) crystal structure, whereas Sb2Te3 has a two-dimensional (2D) layered structure. The synthesized bulk crystals of Sb2X3 were submitted to liquid-phase shear force exfoliation. The 1D and 2D Sb2X3 undergo downsizing processes, also complemented by delamination, to submicron sheets and with an average thickness down to 37 nm. The inherent electrochemical and heterogeneous electron transfer properties of the materials were first studied. Exfoliated Sb2S3 had the best performance for the hydrogen evolution reaction in a wide pH range, with improvements in the overpotential of up to 500 mV, with respect to the starting material. Specifically, in acidic media, exfoliated Sb2S3 also has a good stability for multiple cycles and continuous operation. Likewise, exfoliated Sb2S3 had the highest gravimetric capacitive behavior in alkaline solution.",
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Antimony Chalcogenide van der Waals Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage. / Gusmão, Rui; Sofer, Zdeněk; Luxa, Jan; Pumera, Martin.

In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 18, 16.09.2019, p. 15790-15798.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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