Deinococcus radiodurans shows extreme resistance to a range of remarkable environmental stresses. Deinococcal exopolysaccharide (DeinoPol) is a component of the cell wall, but its role in stress resistance has not yet been well-described. In this study, we isolated and characterized DeinoPol from Deinococcus radiodurans R1 strain and investigated its application as an antioxidant agent. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that dra0033, encoding an ExoP-like protein, was involved in DeinoPol biosynthesis, and dra0033 mutation significantly decreased survival rates in response to stresses. Purified DeinoPol consists of different monosaccharides and has a molecular weight of approximately 80 to 100 kDa. DeinoPol also demonstrates highly protective effects on human keratinocytes in response to stress-induced apoptosis by effectively scavenging ROS. Taken together, these findings indicate that DeinoPol is the first reported deinococcal exopolysaccharide that might be used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals as a safe and attractive radical scavenger.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018K2A206023828 and NRF-2017M2A2A6A02020925 to HSS) and the Nuclear R&D Program of the Ministry of Science and ICT to SL.
© 2020, The Author(s).
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