Antioxidative and antitumor promoting effects of [6]-paradol and its homologs

Won Yoon Chung, Yeon Joo Jung, Young Joon Surh, Sang Sup Lee, Kwang Kyun Park

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103 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, considerable attention is focused on anti-carcinogenic phytochemicals, particularly those derived from medicinal or edible plants. [6]-Paradol, a pungent phenolic compound present in certain Zingiberaceae plants, is known to have antimicrobial and analgesic activities. The compound has been reported to attenuate promotion of skin carcinogenesis and TPA-induced ear edema in female ICR mice, and to induce apoptosis in cultured human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. In this study, we performed several biochemical studies to evaluate and compare the cancer chemopreventive potential of [6]-paradol and its synthetic derivatives. [6]-Paradol and its synthetic nonpungent analog, [6]-dehydroparadol significantly decreased the incidence and the multiplicity of skin tumors initiated by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and promoted by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Topical application of [6]-paradol and its derivatives inhibited TPA-induced ear edema and H2O2 production and myeloperoxidase activity in the dorsal skin of mice. Induction of TPA-induced mouse epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and H2O2- and UV-induced formation of oxidized DNA bases in vitro were also attenuated by the above compounds. These results indicate that [6]-paradol and its derivatives possess the cancer chemopreventive potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sep 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Non-directed Research Fund, Korea Research Foundation, 1997 (Grant No. 1998-021-F00048).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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