Anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in South Korea

Mee Kyung Kee, Sae Young Lee, Na Young Kim, Joo Shil Lee, June Myung Kim, Jun Yong Choi, Nam Su Ku, Moon Won Kang, Min Ja Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Shin Woo Kim, Joon Young Song, Ji Hyeon Baek, Bo Youl Choi, Sung Soon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may develop mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, which negatively impact of disease progression. We investigated factors associated with the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms among HIV-infected patients in Korea. A total of 840 HIV-infected patients who participated in the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study from 2006 to 2012 were evaluated. Socio-demographic, epidemiologic, and clinical variables were obtained through standardized questionnaires. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory were used to assess the symptoms of anxiety and depression. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression. The prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among HIV-infected patients was 32% and 36%, respectively. Ex-smoker and persistent symptoms for more than one week within the past six months and diagnosis of HIV infection within one year were associated with increased anxiety symptoms (odds ratio [OR] 1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-2.69; OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.09-2.11; OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.02-2.20) and current smoking and persistent symptoms were also associated with increased depressive symptoms (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.31-3.30; OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.25-2.79). Marital status, current smoking, current drinking, and persistent symptoms were associated with both increased anxiety and depressive symptoms (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.07-2.88; OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.06-2.61; OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.18-2.99). The prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among HIV-infected patients is higher than those estimated for the general population. This study shows the necessity to evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression and suggest psychological support for HIV-infected patients who smoke or have persistent symptoms or have sexual partner or drink.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1174-1182
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 2

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Republic of Korea
South Korea
Anxiety
HIV
Depression
anxiety
confidence
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Korea
smoking
Smoking
Equipment and Supplies
Sexual Partners
Marital Status
Virus Diseases
marital status
Smoke
Drinking
Disease Progression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kee, Mee Kyung ; Lee, Sae Young ; Kim, Na Young ; Lee, Joo Shil ; Kim, June Myung ; Choi, Jun Yong ; Ku, Nam Su ; Kang, Moon Won ; Kim, Min Ja ; Woo, Jun Hee ; Kim, Shin Woo ; Song, Joon Young ; Baek, Ji Hyeon ; Choi, Bo Youl ; Kim, Sung Soon. / Anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in South Korea. In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 2015 ; Vol. 27, No. 9. pp. 1174-1182.
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abstract = "Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may develop mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, which negatively impact of disease progression. We investigated factors associated with the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms among HIV-infected patients in Korea. A total of 840 HIV-infected patients who participated in the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study from 2006 to 2012 were evaluated. Socio-demographic, epidemiologic, and clinical variables were obtained through standardized questionnaires. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory were used to assess the symptoms of anxiety and depression. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression. The prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among HIV-infected patients was 32{\%} and 36{\%}, respectively. Ex-smoker and persistent symptoms for more than one week within the past six months and diagnosis of HIV infection within one year were associated with increased anxiety symptoms (odds ratio [OR] 1.71, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] 1.09-2.69; OR 1.52, 95{\%} CI 1.09-2.11; OR 1.49, 95{\%} CI 1.02-2.20) and current smoking and persistent symptoms were also associated with increased depressive symptoms (OR 2.10, 95{\%} CI 1.31-3.30; OR 1.87, 95{\%} CI 1.25-2.79). Marital status, current smoking, current drinking, and persistent symptoms were associated with both increased anxiety and depressive symptoms (OR 1.75, 95{\%} CI 1.07-2.88; OR 1.66, 95{\%} CI 1.06-2.61; OR 1.88, 95{\%} CI 1.18-2.99). The prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among HIV-infected patients is higher than those estimated for the general population. This study shows the necessity to evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression and suggest psychological support for HIV-infected patients who smoke or have persistent symptoms or have sexual partner or drink.",
author = "Kee, {Mee Kyung} and Lee, {Sae Young} and Kim, {Na Young} and Lee, {Joo Shil} and Kim, {June Myung} and Choi, {Jun Yong} and Ku, {Nam Su} and Kang, {Moon Won} and Kim, {Min Ja} and Woo, {Jun Hee} and Kim, {Shin Woo} and Song, {Joon Young} and Baek, {Ji Hyeon} and Choi, {Bo Youl} and Kim, {Sung Soon}",
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Kee, MK, Lee, SY, Kim, NY, Lee, JS, Kim, JM, Choi, JY, Ku, NS, Kang, MW, Kim, MJ, Woo, JH, Kim, SW, Song, JY, Baek, JH, Choi, BY & Kim, SS 2015, 'Anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in South Korea', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1174-1182. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2015.1035861

Anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in South Korea. / Kee, Mee Kyung; Lee, Sae Young; Kim, Na Young; Lee, Joo Shil; Kim, June Myung; Choi, Jun Yong; Ku, Nam Su; Kang, Moon Won; Kim, Min Ja; Woo, Jun Hee; Kim, Shin Woo; Song, Joon Young; Baek, Ji Hyeon; Choi, Bo Youl; Kim, Sung Soon.

In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol. 27, No. 9, 02.09.2015, p. 1174-1182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Sae Young

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AU - Lee, Joo Shil

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AU - Choi, Jun Yong

AU - Ku, Nam Su

AU - Kang, Moon Won

AU - Kim, Min Ja

AU - Woo, Jun Hee

AU - Kim, Shin Woo

AU - Song, Joon Young

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AU - Kim, Sung Soon

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