We performed a genome-wide association study to find genetic variants associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels in a Korean population and verified two apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) gene variants, rs662799 (-1131T>C) and rs2075291 (c.553G>T), in 612 subjects with low HDL-cholesterol (cases) and 1536 subjects with normal HDL-cholesterol (controls). To explain this association, we compared clinical outcomes according to their genotype in normal (control) and low HDL (case) groups. In both the case and control groups, the rare alleles of rs662799 and rs2075291 were associated with higher triglyceride and lower HDL-cholesterol levels. In the subjects with the rs662799 CC genotype, lower levels of apoA-I and apoA-V and a smaller low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size were detected in both the case and control groups. In the case group, APOA5 rs662799 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with lower adiponectin and higher brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV). Our results show that two APOA5 variants, rs662799 (-1131T>C) and rs2075291 (c.553G>T), are associated with HDL-cholesterol levels in a Korean population, and suggest that individuals with an APOA5 rs662799 CC genotype are at higher risk of atherosclerosis, particularly when they have low HDL-cholesterol, and this association is related to adiponectin levels.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by the Bio-Synergy Research Project (NRF-2012 M3A9C4048762) and the Mid-career Researcher Program (NRF-2016R1A2B4011662) of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning through the National Research Foundation, Republic of Korea. The genotype data were produced using the Korean Chip (K-CHIP) available through the K-CHIP consortium. The K-CHIP was designed by the Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea (4845-301, 3000-3031).
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