We previously reported an efficient proteomic approach to identify matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) substrates from complex protein mixture. Using the proteomic approach, apolipoprotein C-II (apoC-II), which is a cofactor of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and a component of very-low density lipoprotein and chylomicron, has been identified as a putative MMP-14 substrate. Cleavage of apoC-II, with various MMPs, demonstrated that apoC-II is cleaved most efficiently by MMP-14, and also by MMP-7, among the tested MMPs. The 79-amino acid residue apoC-II was cleaved between Asn35 and Leu36 by MMP-14, and between Phe14 and Leu15 and between Asn35 and Leu36 by MMP-7. Cleavage of apoC-II by MMP-14 markedly decreased LPL activity and would thus impair hydrolysis of triglycerides in plasma and transfer of fatty acids to tissues. Our result suggests that cleavage of apoC-II by MMPs would be important for development of pathophysiological situations of apoC-II deficiency such as atherosclerosis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Jan 6|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology