Applicability assessment of empty fruit bunches from palm oil mills for use as bio-solid refuse fuels

Heung Min Yoo, Se Won Park, Yongchil Seo, Ki Heon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palm kernel shells (PKS), empty fruit bunches (EFB), and trunks are by-products of the palm oil industry and form approximately 50 wt % of fresh fruit bunch (FFB). In particular, EFB accounts for approximately 20 wt % of FFB. Although large amounts of EFB are generated from palm oil mills every year in Indonesia and Malaysia, EFB is treated as waste because commercial technologies for thermo-chemical conversion of EFB into renewable energy are still under development. A robust conversion method can transform EFB into an appealing renewable energy source. In order to secure this renewable energy source, Korea can import EFB as biomass. This paper investigates literature on the status of utilization of EFB, by-products from palm oil mills in order to identify the best available technological process to use EFB as bio-solid refuse fuels (SRF). Meanwhile, physico-chemical analyses (proximate, elemental, and calorific value analyses), biomass and heavy metal content were measured in order to assess whether EFB would be suitable for use as a bio-SRF, in accordance with the Korean quality standard for SRF. According to the analysis results, EFB showed applicability to use as bio-SRF; main analysis results - moisture (9.63 wt %), ash (5.94 wt %), biomass content (97.82 wt %) and calorific value (3668 kcal kg).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume234
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 15

Fingerprint

Palm oil
refuse
Fruits
mill
fruit
oil
Calorific value
Biomass
Ashes
Byproducts
biomass
oil industry
Heavy metals
import
Moisture
ash
transform

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

@article{001da203cf274388b1865eff62d510d8,
title = "Applicability assessment of empty fruit bunches from palm oil mills for use as bio-solid refuse fuels",
abstract = "Palm kernel shells (PKS), empty fruit bunches (EFB), and trunks are by-products of the palm oil industry and form approximately 50 wt {\%} of fresh fruit bunch (FFB). In particular, EFB accounts for approximately 20 wt {\%} of FFB. Although large amounts of EFB are generated from palm oil mills every year in Indonesia and Malaysia, EFB is treated as waste because commercial technologies for thermo-chemical conversion of EFB into renewable energy are still under development. A robust conversion method can transform EFB into an appealing renewable energy source. In order to secure this renewable energy source, Korea can import EFB as biomass. This paper investigates literature on the status of utilization of EFB, by-products from palm oil mills in order to identify the best available technological process to use EFB as bio-solid refuse fuels (SRF). Meanwhile, physico-chemical analyses (proximate, elemental, and calorific value analyses), biomass and heavy metal content were measured in order to assess whether EFB would be suitable for use as a bio-SRF, in accordance with the Korean quality standard for SRF. According to the analysis results, EFB showed applicability to use as bio-SRF; main analysis results - moisture (9.63 wt {\%}), ash (5.94 wt {\%}), biomass content (97.82 wt {\%}) and calorific value (3668 kcal kg).",
author = "Yoo, {Heung Min} and Park, {Se Won} and Yongchil Seo and Kim, {Ki Heon}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.035",
language = "English",
volume = "234",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Management",
issn = "0301-4797",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

Applicability assessment of empty fruit bunches from palm oil mills for use as bio-solid refuse fuels. / Yoo, Heung Min; Park, Se Won; Seo, Yongchil; Kim, Ki Heon.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 234, 15.03.2019, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Applicability assessment of empty fruit bunches from palm oil mills for use as bio-solid refuse fuels

AU - Yoo, Heung Min

AU - Park, Se Won

AU - Seo, Yongchil

AU - Kim, Ki Heon

PY - 2019/3/15

Y1 - 2019/3/15

N2 - Palm kernel shells (PKS), empty fruit bunches (EFB), and trunks are by-products of the palm oil industry and form approximately 50 wt % of fresh fruit bunch (FFB). In particular, EFB accounts for approximately 20 wt % of FFB. Although large amounts of EFB are generated from palm oil mills every year in Indonesia and Malaysia, EFB is treated as waste because commercial technologies for thermo-chemical conversion of EFB into renewable energy are still under development. A robust conversion method can transform EFB into an appealing renewable energy source. In order to secure this renewable energy source, Korea can import EFB as biomass. This paper investigates literature on the status of utilization of EFB, by-products from palm oil mills in order to identify the best available technological process to use EFB as bio-solid refuse fuels (SRF). Meanwhile, physico-chemical analyses (proximate, elemental, and calorific value analyses), biomass and heavy metal content were measured in order to assess whether EFB would be suitable for use as a bio-SRF, in accordance with the Korean quality standard for SRF. According to the analysis results, EFB showed applicability to use as bio-SRF; main analysis results - moisture (9.63 wt %), ash (5.94 wt %), biomass content (97.82 wt %) and calorific value (3668 kcal kg).

AB - Palm kernel shells (PKS), empty fruit bunches (EFB), and trunks are by-products of the palm oil industry and form approximately 50 wt % of fresh fruit bunch (FFB). In particular, EFB accounts for approximately 20 wt % of FFB. Although large amounts of EFB are generated from palm oil mills every year in Indonesia and Malaysia, EFB is treated as waste because commercial technologies for thermo-chemical conversion of EFB into renewable energy are still under development. A robust conversion method can transform EFB into an appealing renewable energy source. In order to secure this renewable energy source, Korea can import EFB as biomass. This paper investigates literature on the status of utilization of EFB, by-products from palm oil mills in order to identify the best available technological process to use EFB as bio-solid refuse fuels (SRF). Meanwhile, physico-chemical analyses (proximate, elemental, and calorific value analyses), biomass and heavy metal content were measured in order to assess whether EFB would be suitable for use as a bio-SRF, in accordance with the Korean quality standard for SRF. According to the analysis results, EFB showed applicability to use as bio-SRF; main analysis results - moisture (9.63 wt %), ash (5.94 wt %), biomass content (97.82 wt %) and calorific value (3668 kcal kg).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059573923&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059573923&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.035

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.035

M3 - Article

VL - 234

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Journal of Environmental Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Management

SN - 0301-4797

ER -