Idle speed control in a fuel-injection engine system has focused on controlling long-term averages of engine speed, but short-term fluctuations of engine speed have been neglected. The torque differences among cylinders influence the idle stability and cause vibration of the vehicle. In this paper, we introduce two intelligent control systems to reduce the fluctuations of engine speed at idle, an evolutionary computing control based on genetic algorithms and a stochastic control based on Alopex algorithm. We first estimate the torque differences among the cylinders by observing an engine cycle of crankshaft angular speed. Then the uniformity level over the engine speed is fedback into the control system. It manipulates spark ignition timings to suppress unbalanced combustions among the cylinders. We test the two adaptive approaches with simulation of a nonlinear engine model, and compare their performances.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science Applications
- Information Systems and Management
- Artificial Intelligence