Purpose: This study evaluates the effect of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)-based nutrition support protocol on oral intake and weight change in patients who underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD). Methods: A 14-day postoperative nutrition support protocol was developed to initiate oral intake after 1 week of enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition (early oral feeding, EOF). Forty-eight patients who underwent PPPD participated in the study (non-EOF, n = 23; EOF, n = 25). General information, nutrition supply route and amount, blood chemistry, and weight changes were tracked. Results: The enteral tube feeding duration was 2.7 days shorter in the EOF group than in the non-EOF group. Furthermore, the EOF group started oral liquid and soft diets 1.1 and 2.5 days earlier than the non-EOF group, respectively. Compared with the non-EOF group, the EOF group reported a higher energy intake (22.1%; p = 0.001) and protein intake (17.4%; p = 0.000) via oral route. Although cumulative energy and protein intakes were similar in both groups, weight reduction in the EOF group (3.6 ± 0.1%, 2.2 ± 0.7 kg) was significantly less than the non-EOF group (8.2 ± 0.9%, 5.2 ± 0.5 kg). The blood levels of total protein and transferrin increased and prealbumin decreased, regardless of the EOF application. Serum albumin increased significantly only in the EOF group. Conclusion: The EOF protocol developed for post-PPPD patients enables the early initiation and increase in the amount of oral intake while significantly alleviating weight loss.
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