The present study aimed to employ energy efficient chemo thermal coupled sonic homogenization (CTSH) to obtain VFA from marine macroalgal hydrolysate, (Ulva fasciata). At first, chemo thermal homogenization (CTH) was applied on macroalgal biomass by adjusting the temperature, pH and treatment time from 60 to 90 ℃, 4–7 and 0–60 min, respectively. A higher organic matter solubilisation of 11.81% was obtained at an optimum pH of 6 at a temperature of 80 ℃ with 40 min of homogenization time. The results of CTSH implied that a higher organic matter solubilization of 26.4% was achieved by combined CTSH (sonic power & treatment time – 140 W & 14 min treatment time). CTSH considerably doubles the liquefaction in comparison with CTH. Based on OMS grouping, achieving 25% was sufficient for VFA production (2172.09 mg/L) and considered as economically feasible with net cost of 97.17 USD/ton of macroalgae.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal