Application of texture analysis in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules: Comparison with gray-scale ultrasound and elastography

Soo Yeon Kim, Eun Kyung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Jin Young Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purposes of this study were to investigate the optimal subset for texture analysis by use of a histogram and cooccurrence matrix in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and to compare the results with those of gray-scale ultrasound and elastography. MATERIALS AND METHODS. From a retrospective search of an institutional database between June and November 2009, 633 solid nodules 5 mm or larger from 613 patients who underwent gray-scale ultrasound and elastography and subsequent ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration were included in this study. Each nodule was categorized as probably benign or suspicious of being malignant according to findings at gray-scale ultrasound and elastography. Histogram parameters (mean, SD, skewness, kurtosis, and entropy) and cooccurrence matrix parameters (contrast, correlation, uniformity, homogeneity, and entropy) were extracted from gray-scale ultrasound and elastographic images. The diagnostic performances of gray-scale ultrasound, elastography, and texture analysis for differentiating thyroid nodules were evaluated. RESULTS. Gray-scale ultrasound had the best diagnostic performance with an ROC AUC (Az) of 0.809 among all parameters. Elastography had significantly poorer performance (Az = 0.646) than gray-scale ultrasound (p < 0.001). Mean extracted from gray-scale ultrasound had the highest Az (0.675) among all histogram and cooccurrence matrix parameters extracted from gray-scale ultrasound and elastographic images. However, mean and the combination of mean and gray-scale ultrasound had poorer performance than gray-scale ultrasound alone. CONCLUSION. Using texture analysis does not improve diagnostic performance in the evaluation of thyroid cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)W343-W351
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume205
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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