Application of Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System in the Ultrasound Assessment of Thyroid Nodules According to Physician Experience

Su Yeon Ko, Eun Kyung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Ha Yan Kim, Jin Young Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the diagnostic performances of the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) in differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules according to the level of physician experience. Materials and Methods From March to October 2013, 1102 patients with 1128 thyroid nodules who underwent initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration were included in this study. Thyroid nodules were categorized according to TIRADS. Diagnostic performances of ultrasound were compared according to performer experience using the χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Results Of 1128 thyroid nodules, 281 were malignant, and 847 were benign. The risk of malignancy of each TIRADS category by the experienced and less experienced physicians were as follows: category 3 (0.9% vs 0%), category 4a (3.5% vs 1.3%), category 4b (7.3% vs 12.1%), category 4c (67.5% vs 44.9%), and category 5 (97.7% vs 76.5%). Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 99.1%, 35.9%, 52.5%, 35.5%, and 99.1%, respectively, for experienced physicians and 100%, 20.9%, 37.6%, 35.2%, and 100%, respectively, for less experienced physicians. Specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive value were statistically higher for experienced physicians than those for less experienced physicians (P < 0.001, 0.001, and 0.004). There was a significant difference in areas under the curve between the 2 groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions In conclusion, the diagnostic performance of the stratification of malignancy risk according to TIRADS categories was comparable between the experienced and less experienced physician groups. The application of TIRADS is reproducible, and it was easy to predict the probability of thyroid malignancy in both the experienced and less experienced physician groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalUltrasound Quarterly
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

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Thyroid Nodule
Information Systems
Thyroid Gland
Physicians
Neoplasms
Fine Needle Biopsy
Area Under Curve
Ultrasonography
Sensitivity and Specificity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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title = "Application of Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System in the Ultrasound Assessment of Thyroid Nodules According to Physician Experience",
abstract = "Objective The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the diagnostic performances of the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) in differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules according to the level of physician experience. Materials and Methods From March to October 2013, 1102 patients with 1128 thyroid nodules who underwent initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration were included in this study. Thyroid nodules were categorized according to TIRADS. Diagnostic performances of ultrasound were compared according to performer experience using the χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Results Of 1128 thyroid nodules, 281 were malignant, and 847 were benign. The risk of malignancy of each TIRADS category by the experienced and less experienced physicians were as follows: category 3 (0.9{\%} vs 0{\%}), category 4a (3.5{\%} vs 1.3{\%}), category 4b (7.3{\%} vs 12.1{\%}), category 4c (67.5{\%} vs 44.9{\%}), and category 5 (97.7{\%} vs 76.5{\%}). Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 99.1{\%}, 35.9{\%}, 52.5{\%}, 35.5{\%}, and 99.1{\%}, respectively, for experienced physicians and 100{\%}, 20.9{\%}, 37.6{\%}, 35.2{\%}, and 100{\%}, respectively, for less experienced physicians. Specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive value were statistically higher for experienced physicians than those for less experienced physicians (P < 0.001, 0.001, and 0.004). There was a significant difference in areas under the curve between the 2 groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions In conclusion, the diagnostic performance of the stratification of malignancy risk according to TIRADS categories was comparable between the experienced and less experienced physician groups. The application of TIRADS is reproducible, and it was easy to predict the probability of thyroid malignancy in both the experienced and less experienced physician groups.",
author = "Ko, {Su Yeon} and Kim, {Eun Kyung} and Moon, {Hee Jung} and Yoon, {Jung Hyun} and Kim, {Ha Yan} and Kwak, {Jin Young}",
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Application of Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System in the Ultrasound Assessment of Thyroid Nodules According to Physician Experience. / Ko, Su Yeon; Kim, Eun Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Ha Yan; Kwak, Jin Young.

In: Ultrasound Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 126-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Objective The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the diagnostic performances of the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) in differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules according to the level of physician experience. Materials and Methods From March to October 2013, 1102 patients with 1128 thyroid nodules who underwent initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration were included in this study. Thyroid nodules were categorized according to TIRADS. Diagnostic performances of ultrasound were compared according to performer experience using the χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Results Of 1128 thyroid nodules, 281 were malignant, and 847 were benign. The risk of malignancy of each TIRADS category by the experienced and less experienced physicians were as follows: category 3 (0.9% vs 0%), category 4a (3.5% vs 1.3%), category 4b (7.3% vs 12.1%), category 4c (67.5% vs 44.9%), and category 5 (97.7% vs 76.5%). Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 99.1%, 35.9%, 52.5%, 35.5%, and 99.1%, respectively, for experienced physicians and 100%, 20.9%, 37.6%, 35.2%, and 100%, respectively, for less experienced physicians. Specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive value were statistically higher for experienced physicians than those for less experienced physicians (P < 0.001, 0.001, and 0.004). There was a significant difference in areas under the curve between the 2 groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions In conclusion, the diagnostic performance of the stratification of malignancy risk according to TIRADS categories was comparable between the experienced and less experienced physician groups. The application of TIRADS is reproducible, and it was easy to predict the probability of thyroid malignancy in both the experienced and less experienced physician groups.

AB - Objective The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the diagnostic performances of the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) in differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules according to the level of physician experience. Materials and Methods From March to October 2013, 1102 patients with 1128 thyroid nodules who underwent initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration were included in this study. Thyroid nodules were categorized according to TIRADS. Diagnostic performances of ultrasound were compared according to performer experience using the χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Results Of 1128 thyroid nodules, 281 were malignant, and 847 were benign. The risk of malignancy of each TIRADS category by the experienced and less experienced physicians were as follows: category 3 (0.9% vs 0%), category 4a (3.5% vs 1.3%), category 4b (7.3% vs 12.1%), category 4c (67.5% vs 44.9%), and category 5 (97.7% vs 76.5%). Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 99.1%, 35.9%, 52.5%, 35.5%, and 99.1%, respectively, for experienced physicians and 100%, 20.9%, 37.6%, 35.2%, and 100%, respectively, for less experienced physicians. Specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive value were statistically higher for experienced physicians than those for less experienced physicians (P < 0.001, 0.001, and 0.004). There was a significant difference in areas under the curve between the 2 groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions In conclusion, the diagnostic performance of the stratification of malignancy risk according to TIRADS categories was comparable between the experienced and less experienced physician groups. The application of TIRADS is reproducible, and it was easy to predict the probability of thyroid malignancy in both the experienced and less experienced physician groups.

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