The performance limits of conventional super engineering plastics with inorganic nanofillers are surpassed by all-organic nanocomposites prepared via in situ SNAr polymerization of polysulfone (PSU) in the presence of a highly dispersed aramid nanofiber (ANF) solution. The latter is directly used, bypassing the energy-consuming, nanostructure-damaging workup process. Using only a 0.15 wt % nanofiller, the all-organic nanocomposite shows an ultimate tensile strength 1.6× higher and 3.4× tougher than neat PSU and its blending counterpart due to the mutually interactive filler and maximally homogenized matrix. The exceptional toughness of the ANF/PSU nanocomposite originates from the grafted PSU on the surface of ANF; it drives stress-delocalized deformation, as revealed by stress-absorbable viscoelastic behavior and ductile elongation of materials. This material is a promising candidate for use as a filler-interactive, high-performance nanocomposite.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry