BACKGROUND: The utility of inferior extensor retinacular (IER) reinforcement for arthroscopic repair of a lateral ankle injury is debatable. We hypothesized that the outcomes would not differ significantly between arthroscopic all-inside anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) repair with and without IER reinforcement. METHODS: We prospectively randomized 73 patients who had arthroscopic all-inside ATFL repair into 2 groups: those who had IER reinforcement (37 patients) and those who had no IER reinforcement (36 patients). The primary outcome was the Karlsson Ankle Functional Score (KAFS). The secondary outcomes included the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), Tegner activity score (TAS), ankle range of motion, and radiographic parameters. The functional outcomes were evaluated preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Stress radiographs were obtained preoperatively and at 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The KAFS, all FAOS subscale scores, and TAS improved significantly at 1 year postoperatively in both groups, with no significant differences between the groups with respect to the preoperative and postoperative values. Significant differences were not observed between the ankle range of motion values recorded preoperatively and at 1 year postoperatively in both groups; the preoperative and postoperative range of motion values did not differ significantly between the groups. The mean talar tilt and talar anterior translation decreased significantly at 1 year postoperatively in both groups, with no significant differences between the groups preoperatively and postoperatively. One patient in each group had neuralgia of the superficial peroneal nerve; 2 patients in the IER reinforcement group had knot irritation causing mild discomfort. CONCLUSIONS: Arthroscopic all-inside ATFL repair with and without IER reinforcement showed comparable functional and stress radiographic outcomes at 1 year. Performing IER reinforcement in addition to all-inside arthroscopic direct ATFL remnant repair is not necessary. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Sept 1|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2021 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine