Artificial disk replacement combined with fusion versus 2-level fusion in cervical 2-level disk disease with a 5-year follow-up

Gyu Yeul Ji, Chang Hyun Oh, Dong Ah Shin, Yoon Ha, Seong Yi, Keung Nyun Kim, Hyun Cheol Shin, Do Heum Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design: Prospective study. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease. Summary of Background Data: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase. Materials and Methods: Between 2004 and 2006, 40 patients undergoing 2-level cervical disk surgery at our hospital were identified as 2-level degenerative disk disease. Forty patients were included in the previous study; 35 patients were followed up for 5 years. Patients completed the NDI and graded their pain intensity before surgery and at routine postoperative until 5 years. Dynamic cervical radiographs were obtained before surgery and at routine postoperative intervals and the angular ROM for C2-C7 and adjacent segments was measured. Results: The HS group had better NDI recovery until 3 years after surgery (P<0.05). Postoperative neck pain was lower in the HS group at 1 and 3 years after surgery (P<0.05), but arm pain relief was not differently relieved. The HS group showed more angular ROM for C2-C7 at 2 and 3 years after surgery. The superior adjacent segment ROM showed hypermobility in the 2-ACDF group and hypomobility in the HS group at all follow-up periods without statistically significance, but the inferior adjacent segment ROM differed significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: HS is superior to 2-ACDF; it leads to better NDI recovery, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 ROM recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase over a 2-year follow-up, but these benefits of HS become similar to those of 2-ACDF with 5 years of follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E620-E627
JournalClinical Spine Surgery
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

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Total Disc Replacement
Articular Range of Motion
Diskectomy
Neck Pain
Neck
Postoperative Pain
Pain

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Ji, Gyu Yeul ; Oh, Chang Hyun ; Shin, Dong Ah ; Ha, Yoon ; Yi, Seong ; Kim, Keung Nyun ; Shin, Hyun Cheol ; Yoon, Do Heum. / Artificial disk replacement combined with fusion versus 2-level fusion in cervical 2-level disk disease with a 5-year follow-up. In: Clinical Spine Surgery. 2017 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. E620-E627.
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title = "Artificial disk replacement combined with fusion versus 2-level fusion in cervical 2-level disk disease with a 5-year follow-up",
abstract = "Study Design: Prospective study. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease. Summary of Background Data: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase. Materials and Methods: Between 2004 and 2006, 40 patients undergoing 2-level cervical disk surgery at our hospital were identified as 2-level degenerative disk disease. Forty patients were included in the previous study; 35 patients were followed up for 5 years. Patients completed the NDI and graded their pain intensity before surgery and at routine postoperative until 5 years. Dynamic cervical radiographs were obtained before surgery and at routine postoperative intervals and the angular ROM for C2-C7 and adjacent segments was measured. Results: The HS group had better NDI recovery until 3 years after surgery (P<0.05). Postoperative neck pain was lower in the HS group at 1 and 3 years after surgery (P<0.05), but arm pain relief was not differently relieved. The HS group showed more angular ROM for C2-C7 at 2 and 3 years after surgery. The superior adjacent segment ROM showed hypermobility in the 2-ACDF group and hypomobility in the HS group at all follow-up periods without statistically significance, but the inferior adjacent segment ROM differed significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: HS is superior to 2-ACDF; it leads to better NDI recovery, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 ROM recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase over a 2-year follow-up, but these benefits of HS become similar to those of 2-ACDF with 5 years of follow-up.",
author = "Ji, {Gyu Yeul} and Oh, {Chang Hyun} and Shin, {Dong Ah} and Yoon Ha and Seong Yi and Kim, {Keung Nyun} and Shin, {Hyun Cheol} and Yoon, {Do Heum}",
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Artificial disk replacement combined with fusion versus 2-level fusion in cervical 2-level disk disease with a 5-year follow-up. / Ji, Gyu Yeul; Oh, Chang Hyun; Shin, Dong Ah; Ha, Yoon; Yi, Seong; Kim, Keung Nyun; Shin, Hyun Cheol; Yoon, Do Heum.

In: Clinical Spine Surgery, Vol. 30, No. 5, 01.05.2017, p. E620-E627.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Artificial disk replacement combined with fusion versus 2-level fusion in cervical 2-level disk disease with a 5-year follow-up

AU - Ji, Gyu Yeul

AU - Oh, Chang Hyun

AU - Shin, Dong Ah

AU - Ha, Yoon

AU - Yi, Seong

AU - Kim, Keung Nyun

AU - Shin, Hyun Cheol

AU - Yoon, Do Heum

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N2 - Study Design: Prospective study. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease. Summary of Background Data: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase. Materials and Methods: Between 2004 and 2006, 40 patients undergoing 2-level cervical disk surgery at our hospital were identified as 2-level degenerative disk disease. Forty patients were included in the previous study; 35 patients were followed up for 5 years. Patients completed the NDI and graded their pain intensity before surgery and at routine postoperative until 5 years. Dynamic cervical radiographs were obtained before surgery and at routine postoperative intervals and the angular ROM for C2-C7 and adjacent segments was measured. Results: The HS group had better NDI recovery until 3 years after surgery (P<0.05). Postoperative neck pain was lower in the HS group at 1 and 3 years after surgery (P<0.05), but arm pain relief was not differently relieved. The HS group showed more angular ROM for C2-C7 at 2 and 3 years after surgery. The superior adjacent segment ROM showed hypermobility in the 2-ACDF group and hypomobility in the HS group at all follow-up periods without statistically significance, but the inferior adjacent segment ROM differed significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: HS is superior to 2-ACDF; it leads to better NDI recovery, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 ROM recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase over a 2-year follow-up, but these benefits of HS become similar to those of 2-ACDF with 5 years of follow-up.

AB - Study Design: Prospective study. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease. Summary of Background Data: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase. Materials and Methods: Between 2004 and 2006, 40 patients undergoing 2-level cervical disk surgery at our hospital were identified as 2-level degenerative disk disease. Forty patients were included in the previous study; 35 patients were followed up for 5 years. Patients completed the NDI and graded their pain intensity before surgery and at routine postoperative until 5 years. Dynamic cervical radiographs were obtained before surgery and at routine postoperative intervals and the angular ROM for C2-C7 and adjacent segments was measured. Results: The HS group had better NDI recovery until 3 years after surgery (P<0.05). Postoperative neck pain was lower in the HS group at 1 and 3 years after surgery (P<0.05), but arm pain relief was not differently relieved. The HS group showed more angular ROM for C2-C7 at 2 and 3 years after surgery. The superior adjacent segment ROM showed hypermobility in the 2-ACDF group and hypomobility in the HS group at all follow-up periods without statistically significance, but the inferior adjacent segment ROM differed significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: HS is superior to 2-ACDF; it leads to better NDI recovery, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 ROM recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase over a 2-year follow-up, but these benefits of HS become similar to those of 2-ACDF with 5 years of follow-up.

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