A real-time prediction method using a multilayer feedforward neural network is proposed for estimating vertical dynamic displacements of a bridge from the longitudinal strains of the bridge when vehicles pass across it. A numerical model for an existing five-girder bridge spanning 36 m proved by actual experimental values was used to verify the proposed method. To obtain a realistic vehicle distribution for the bridge, vehicle type and actual headways of moving vehicles were taken, and the measured vehicle distribution was generalized using Pearson Type III theory. Twenty-five load scenarios were created with assumed vehicle speeds of 40 km/h, 60 km/h, and 80 km/h. The results indicate that the model can reasonably predict the overall displacements of the bridge (which is difficult to measure) from the strain (which is relatively easy to measure) in the field in real time.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes