Purpose: In this cohort study, 5-year data from the Coronary CT Angiography Evaluation for Clinical Outcomes: An International Multicenter Registry (ie, CONFIRM) were examined to identify associations of baseline aspirin and statin use with mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), and myocardial infarction (MI) in individuals without substantial (>50%) stenosis. Materials and Methods: In this prospective cohort study, all participants in the registry underwent coronary CT angiography and were classified as having no detectable coronary plaque or having nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) (1%—49% stenosis). Participants with obstructive (>50%) stenosis were excluded from analysis. The study commenced in June 2003 and was completed in March 2016. All unadjusted and risk-adjusted analyses utilized the Cox proportional hazard model with hospital sites modeled using shared frailty. Results: A total of 6386 participants with no detectable plaque or with nonobstructive CAD were included (mean age, 56.0 years 6 13.3 [SD], 52% men). The mean follow-up period was 5.66 years 6 1.10. Nonobstructive CAD (n = 2815, 44% of all participants included in the study) was associated with a greater risk of all-cause mortality (10.6% [298 of 2815] vs 4.8% [170 of 3571], P <.001) compared to those without CAD (n = 3571, 56%). Baseline aspirin and statin use was documented for 1415 and 1429 participants, respectively, with nonobstructive CAD, and for 1560 and 1565 participants without detectable plaque, respectively. In individuals with nonobstructive CAD, baseline aspirin use was not associated with a reduction in MACE (10.9% [102 of 936] vs 14.7% [52 of 355], P =.06), all-cause mortality (9.6% [95 of 991] vs 10.9% [46 of424], P =.468), or MI (4.4% [41 of 936] vs 6.2% [22 of 355], P =.18). On multivariate risk-adjusted analysis, baseline statin use was associated with a lower rate of MACE (hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% CI: 0.40, 0. 87; P =.007). Neither therapy improved clinical outcomes for participants with no detectable plaque. Conclusion: In participants with nonobstructive CAD, baseline use of statins, but not of aspirin, was associated with improved clinical outcomes. Neither therapy was associated with benefit in participants without plaque. Clinical trial registration no. NCT01443637 Supplemental material is available for this article.
|Journal||Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Apr|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Disclosures of conflicts of interest: P.I. No relevant relationships. C.N. No relevant relationships. S.B.Z. No relevant relationships. H.G. No relevant relationships. P.B. Consulting fees from Edwards Lifesciences, Neovasc, and Boston Scientific. S.S. No relevant relationships. S.A. No relevant relationships. M.H.A. Grant/contract from Siemens; consulting fees from Philips. D.A. No relevant relationships. D.S.B. Software royalties from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. M.J.B. No relevant relationships. F.C. No relevant relationships. T.Q.C. No relevant relationships. H.J.C. No relevant relationships. K.C. Executive Committee and Board of Directors, Society for Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT), unpaid. B.J.W.C. Saul and Edna Goldfarb Chair in Cardiac Imaging; research grants from TD Bank, AusculSciences, Artrya, and CV Diagnostix; board member of SCCT (ended in 2021); stock in GE (equity sold in 2021). R.C.C. Consults for Covera Health, GE Healthcare, and Cleerly (not related to the topic of this article). A.D. No relevant relationships. G.F. No relevant relationships. M.H. No relevant relationships. J.H. Grant/contract from Edwards Lifesciences, payment or honoraria from Abbott Vascular and Edwards Lifesciences, support for meetings and travel from Abbott Vascular and Edwards Lifesciences. P.A.K. University Hospital Zurich holds a research grant with GE Healthcare (unrelated to the present study), Advisory Board for GE Healthcare on the myocardial perfusion tracer Flurpiridaz (unrelated to present study), Vice Chair of the Swiss Society of Nuclear Medicine (unpaid). Y.J.K. No relevant relationships. E.M. No relevant relationships. H.M. No relevant relationships. P.d.A.G. No relevant relationships. G.P. No relevant relationships. G.L.R. No relevant relationships. R.R. Board member of SCCT. T.C.V. No relevant relationships. F.Y.L. Research grant from GE. L.J.S. No relevant relationships. J.N. No relevant relationships. J.J.B. The department of cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center has received unrestricted research grants from Abbott, Edwards Lifesciences, Bayer, Novartis, Boston Scientific, Medtronic, Biotronik, GE Healthcare; payment or honoraria from Speaker Bureau Abbott and Edwards Lifesciences. J.A.L. Unrestricted research grant from GE Healthcare, stock options and consulting fees from HeartFlow and Circle CVI, payment or honoraria from Philips, board of directors of SCCT, deputy editor for Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.
© RSNA, 2022.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging