Objective: We performed this prospective study to identify both the incidence of adrenal insufficiency (AI) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients who were treated with the S-1 plus cisplatin (SP) regimen as a first-line palliative chemotherapy. Methods: We assessed adverse events (AEs) observed in 52 patients who received the SP regimen for AGC between January 2009 and June 2010 using the Common Toxicity Criteria Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0. Adrenal function was assessed at baseline and 12 weeks after chemotherapy using the low-dose adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test. HRQOL was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire version 3.0 (EORTC-QLQ C30). Results: The incidence of AI was 30.8% (n = 16) and of AE observed 55% (n = 29) among 52 patients after 12 weeks of chemotherapy. Of 29 patients with AE, 34.4% (n = 10) were diagnosed with AI, and of 23 patients without AE, 26.1% (n = 6) were diagnosed with AI. Conclusion: The incidence of secondary AI in AGC patients was not rare and was not correlated with the presence of nonspecific AEs. Although patients diagnosed with AI did not show any related symptoms, they are at risk of potentially life-threatening consequences. Thus, the evaluation of AI could be suggested for patients who received chemotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research