A chlorination technique was investigated as an option for the decontamination of radioactive concrete waste, which is one of the most common types of wastes generated during the decommissioning of nuclear power plants. Simulated concrete waste that includes target nuclides of Co, Sr, and Cs was utilized to evaluate the removal efficiency of each nuclide after the chlorination process. The effects of the reaction temperature, the Cl2 flow rate, and the reaction time were explored in this study. Among these parameters, the reaction temperature was identified as the key parameter that most strongly affects the removal efficiency. The removal efficiency of Cs surpassed 90% when the temperature exceeded 800 °C, while that of Co was over 95% at 1000 °C. The removal efficiency of Sr was relatively lower at 70–80% at temperatures of 700 and 800 °C. It was estimated that the chlorination technique can reduce the radioactivity of Cs and Co in low-level concrete waste to meet the clearance level. In consideration of its simple process, the chlorination technique can be a promising option for the decontamination of radioactive concrete waste.
|Journal||Progress in Nuclear Energy|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant (No. RS-2022-00155421 ) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT .
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal