The systemic treatment with angiogenesis inhibitor has been shown to result in weight reduction and adipose tissue loss in various models of obesity. To verify the mechanism of CKD-732 (TNP-470 analog) against obesity, we evaluated CKD-732's peripheral and central anti-obesity effects. CKD-732 was injected subcutaneously (s.c.) for 7 days in various animal models and intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) in arcuate nucleus (ARC) lesion mice, ob/ob mice, and normal littermates. Modulation of the hypothalamic neuropeptide mRNAs after i.c.v. injection was evaluated in ARC lesion mice and normal littermates. A conditioned taste aversion (CTA) was performed using lithium chloride (LiCl) as a positive control agent in Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka and Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats. As a result, 7 days of CKD-732 s.c. injection reduced the cumulative food intake and the body weight significantly in both treated obese (e.g. 114.8±13.4 g vs 170.7±20.6 g, 7.9±0.5% decrease vs 0.3±2.2% decrease; in treated OLETF rat versus control OLETF rat, P<0.01 respectively) and non-obese models. Epididymal and mesenteric fat pads, and the size of adipocytes were significantly decreased in treated rats. A single i.c.v. injection decreased food intake and body weight in ARC lesion mice and ob/ob mice but not in normal littermates. Unexpectedly, the hypothalamic neuropeptide mRNAs were not altered by single i.c.v. injection. CKD-732 also induced a dose-dependent CTA comparable with LiCI injection, which is a commonly used agent to produce a CTA. In conclusion, CKD-732 causes significant body weight and appetite reduction, possibly by decreasing adiposity directly and inducing central anorexia, which is partly explained by a CTA. These results should be carefully verified to assess the utility of CKD-732 as an anti-obesity drug.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology