Association between changes in handgrip strength and depression in Korean adults: a longitudinal panel study

Hyunkyu Kim, Wonjeong Jeong, Seung Hoon Kim, Yu Shin Park, Sung In Jang, Eun Cheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Depression in older adults is a global socioeconomic burden. Identifying factors, such as physical activity or exercise that can help prevent depression is important. We aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in handgrip strength and the presence of depression using longitudinal, nationwide data of older Korean adults. Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging were used in this study. A total of 6783 participants who had undergone a handgrip strength test and completed the short-form Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10-D) questionnaire from 2006 to 2018 were included. General estimating equations were used to assess the temporal effect of the changes in handgrip strength on depression. A decrease in handgrip strength was associated with high CESD-10-D scores (β = 0.1889 in men, β = 0.1552 in women). As a continuous variable, handgrip strength was negatively correlated with CESD-10-D scores(β = − 0.0166 in men, β = − 0.0196 in women). Changes in the handgrip strength were associated with depressive symptoms in our longitudinal study. Those who experienced a decrease in handgrip strength had severe depressive symptoms compared to those with unchanged or increased handgrip strength. These findings can be used to guide general health policies for the prevention of depression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13643
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the Korea Employment Information Service, which provided the data based on a nationwide survey.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Association between changes in handgrip strength and depression in Korean adults: a longitudinal panel study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this