Association between dry eye symptoms and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population

Sun Bi Um, Hyungseon Yeom, Na Hyun Kim, HyeonChang Kim, Hyung Keun Lee, Il Suh

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Abstract

Purpose This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. Methods Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010–2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used. Diagnosis of depression and suicidal ideation were obtained via responses to an interviewer-assisted questionnaire, and questions were asked in a closed-ended response format. Logistic regression was used to examine the associations between dry eyes, depression, and suicidal ideation. Results DED diagnosis exhibited an odds ratio (OR) of 1.32 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11–1.57) for depression and 1.24 (95% CI 1.05–1.48) for suicidal ideation compared to those without DED, after adjusting for sex, age, education, occupation, household income, body mass index, smoking behavior, alcohol consumption, physical activity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, thyroid diseases, major cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Similarly, the adjusted OR (95% CI) of dry eye symptoms was 1.50 (95% CI 1.30–1.73) for depression and 1.47 (95% CI 1.27–1.70) for suicidal ideation. Conclusion Our findings suggest that dry eyes (either DED diagnosis or dry eye symptoms) may be associated with the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in the Korean adult population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0199131
JournalPloS one
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 1

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Suicidal Ideation
signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
eye diseases
eyes
Eye Diseases
confidence interval
Depression
Confidence Intervals
Population
disease diagnosis
odds ratio
Odds Ratio
thyroid diseases
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Nutrition
Medical problems
Sex Education
Nutrition Surveys
household income
Thyroid Diseases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Um, Sun Bi ; Yeom, Hyungseon ; Kim, Na Hyun ; Kim, HyeonChang ; Lee, Hyung Keun ; Suh, Il. / Association between dry eye symptoms and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. In: PloS one. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 6.
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abstract = "Purpose This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. Methods Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010–2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used. Diagnosis of depression and suicidal ideation were obtained via responses to an interviewer-assisted questionnaire, and questions were asked in a closed-ended response format. Logistic regression was used to examine the associations between dry eyes, depression, and suicidal ideation. Results DED diagnosis exhibited an odds ratio (OR) of 1.32 (95{\%} confidence interval [CI] 1.11–1.57) for depression and 1.24 (95{\%} CI 1.05–1.48) for suicidal ideation compared to those without DED, after adjusting for sex, age, education, occupation, household income, body mass index, smoking behavior, alcohol consumption, physical activity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, thyroid diseases, major cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Similarly, the adjusted OR (95{\%} CI) of dry eye symptoms was 1.50 (95{\%} CI 1.30–1.73) for depression and 1.47 (95{\%} CI 1.27–1.70) for suicidal ideation. Conclusion Our findings suggest that dry eyes (either DED diagnosis or dry eye symptoms) may be associated with the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in the Korean adult population.",
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Association between dry eye symptoms and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. / Um, Sun Bi; Yeom, Hyungseon; Kim, Na Hyun; Kim, HyeonChang; Lee, Hyung Keun; Suh, Il.

In: PloS one, Vol. 13, No. 6, e0199131, 01.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Purpose This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. Methods Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010–2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used. Diagnosis of depression and suicidal ideation were obtained via responses to an interviewer-assisted questionnaire, and questions were asked in a closed-ended response format. Logistic regression was used to examine the associations between dry eyes, depression, and suicidal ideation. Results DED diagnosis exhibited an odds ratio (OR) of 1.32 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11–1.57) for depression and 1.24 (95% CI 1.05–1.48) for suicidal ideation compared to those without DED, after adjusting for sex, age, education, occupation, household income, body mass index, smoking behavior, alcohol consumption, physical activity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, thyroid diseases, major cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Similarly, the adjusted OR (95% CI) of dry eye symptoms was 1.50 (95% CI 1.30–1.73) for depression and 1.47 (95% CI 1.27–1.70) for suicidal ideation. Conclusion Our findings suggest that dry eyes (either DED diagnosis or dry eye symptoms) may be associated with the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in the Korean adult population.

AB - Purpose This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. Methods Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010–2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used. Diagnosis of depression and suicidal ideation were obtained via responses to an interviewer-assisted questionnaire, and questions were asked in a closed-ended response format. Logistic regression was used to examine the associations between dry eyes, depression, and suicidal ideation. Results DED diagnosis exhibited an odds ratio (OR) of 1.32 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11–1.57) for depression and 1.24 (95% CI 1.05–1.48) for suicidal ideation compared to those without DED, after adjusting for sex, age, education, occupation, household income, body mass index, smoking behavior, alcohol consumption, physical activity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, thyroid diseases, major cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Similarly, the adjusted OR (95% CI) of dry eye symptoms was 1.50 (95% CI 1.30–1.73) for depression and 1.47 (95% CI 1.27–1.70) for suicidal ideation. Conclusion Our findings suggest that dry eyes (either DED diagnosis or dry eye symptoms) may be associated with the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in the Korean adult population.

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