Association between family dinner and BMI in adults: Data from the 2013 to 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Woongchan Rah, Jaewon So, Euncheol Park, Sang Ah Lee, Sung In Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


ObjectivePeople who eat alone, which is becoming a new trend owing to the increasing proportion of one-person households in Korea, are more likely to become overweight and obese. Therefore, we investigated the association between having a dinner companion and BMI.DesignA linear regression model adjusted for covariates was utilized to examine the association between having a dinner companion and BMI. Subgroup analyses were performed, stratified by age group, gender, household income, educational level and occupation.SettingWe used the data from the Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI. Our primary independent variable was having a dinner companion while the dependent variable was BMI.SubjectsIn total, 13303 individuals, aged 20 years or over, were analysed.ResultsCompared with the solo eating group, BMI was lower in the family dinner group (β='0·39, P<0·01) but not in the non-family dinner group (β='0·06, P=0·67). The subgroup analysis revealed that the difference in BMI was most significant in young generations, such as those aged 20-29 years (β='1·15, P<0·01) and 30-39 years (β='0·78, P=0·01).ConclusionsWe found that people who eat dinner alone are more likely to become overweight and obese than those who eat with their family. This association was stronger in males and young adults than their counterparts. Considering the increasing trends in the proportion of single-person households and solo eating, appropriate intervention is needed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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