Association between living with patients with dementia and family caregivers’ depressive symptoms—living with dementia patients and family caregivers’ depressive symptoms

Minah Park, Fatima Nari, Soo Hyun Kang, Sung In Jang, Eun Cheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Depression among family caregivers is becoming an increasingly important issue due to a growing elderly population. This study aimed to examine the association of living with a patient with dementia and family caregivers’ depressive symptoms, among Korean adults. This study used the data of 371,287 participants after excluding those who indicated having dementia themselves from the Korea Community Health Survey of 2018–2019. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. The rates of spouse caregivers having depressive symptoms were 9.4% and 10.8% among men and women, respectively. The odds ratio for risk of depressive symptoms among male and female spouse caregivers in comparison to non-caregivers was 2.65 and 2.28, respectively. In the subgroup analysis, the highest income group was associated with risk of depressive symptoms, with an odds ratio of 4.28 for men, and 3.02 for women. Having a patient with dementia in the family was significantly associated with family caregivers’ depressive symptoms. In particular, when the patient with dementia was a spouse, both women and men were likely to have depressive symptoms. To reduce the burden of caregivers, we need management policies and interventions for family caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4372
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) for providing the raw data from the Korea Community Health Survey (KCHS). The paper?s contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of KDCA.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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