We aimed to investigate the risks of Alzheimer’s (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) in the 10 years following diagnosis of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) using a nationwide cohort. This propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study included 1,025,340 subjects from the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort database. The OAG group (n = 1,469) included patients who were initially diagnosed with OAG between 2004 and 2007, and the subjects in the comparison group were matched in a 1:5 ratio using propensity scores. Cox regression analyses were performed to investigate the risks of developing AD or PD. The diagnosis of OAG was significantly associated with an increased incidence of AD (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.403, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.180–1.669, p < 0.001), but not PD (HR = 0.995, 95% CI 0.620–1.595, p = 0.983) after adjusting for possible confounding factors. In subgroup analyses, participants with OAG aged ≥65 years were more likely to develop AD compared with those aged <65 years, and female OAG patients had a greater risk of developing AD than males. Patients diagnosed with OAG have a higher risk of developing AD, but not PD, and the risk differed according to age and sex.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes