Association between sleep disorder and panic disorder in South Korea: Nationwide nested case-control study of data from 2004 to 2013

Han Jin Park, Min Seok Kim, Eun Cheol Park, Suk Yong Jang, Woorim Kim, Kyu Tae Han

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4 Citations (Scopus)


After 2010, panic disorders became relatively common in South Korea, with many celebrities confessing to the public that they have panic disorder. The annual number of patients with panic disorder and sleep disorder have been gradually increasing. In light of these increases, we analyzed the relationship between sleep disorder and panic disorder. We used national claim data to design a 1:3 nested case-control study. The study included medical claims filed for 29,312 patients during 2004−2013. We performed conditional logistic regression analysis to investigate the relationship between sleep disorder and panic disorder. There were 7436 patients who were diagnosed with panic disorder, and 21,876 patients who were gender- and age-matched as controls. Patients with sleep disorder had higher incidence of panic disorder. In particular, patients with insomnia had the strongest association with panic disorder (adjusted, OR, 1.386; 95% CI, 1.201–1.599; p < 0.05). These associations were stronger in healthy patients and those with worse socioeconomic status. In conclusion, sleep disorder, in particular, insomnia was positively associated with panic disorder. Thus, healthcare professionals and policy makers should effectively control insomnia and consider strategies for early intervention for vulnerable patients with risk of panic disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-291
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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