Association between survivor motor neuron 2 (SMN2) gene homozygous deletion and sporadic lower motor neuron disease in a Korean population

Juwon Kim, Sang Guk Lee, Young Chul Choi, Seong Woong Kang, Jun Beom Lee, Jong Rak Choi, Kyung A. Lee

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Abstract

The association between survivor motor neuron (SMN) gene deletions and motor neuron diseases such as spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) suggest that sporadic lower motor neuron disease (LMND) may be related to SMN gene deletion. We examined the association between copy numbers of SMN and the risk of LMND among Koreans. We genotyped the copy number of SMN1 and SMN2 in 18 patients diagnosed with sporadic LMND and 100 neurologically healthy subjects using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method. A total of eight SMN1:SMN2 genotypes (1:1, 1:3, 2:0, 2:1, 2:2, 2:3, 3:2, and 2:2/3:1 of exon7/exon8) were found. We found that homozygous deletion of SMN2 was significantly related to LMND (OR 20.7; 95% CI 2.8-150.5; p = 0.003). There was no significant difference in the distribution of the SMN1 copy number between the LMND patients and controls. In contrast to ALS, the risk of which is influenced by various factors other than SMN copy number itself, the association studies in LMND show a consistent finding that homozygous deletion of SMN2 may be specifically related to LMND, despite the small number of subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-374
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Volume40
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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