This cross-sectional study investigated the relationships between socioeconomic factors and social capital and benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms. The participants were 100,000 adult men who participated in the Korea Community Health Survey. The surveyors used the International Prostate Symptom Score. As regards occupation, the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia was higher in men with blue-collar occupations or those who were unemployed than in those with white-collar jobs. In terms of marital status, the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia was 1.319 times higher among divorced men than married men. As regards social capital, the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia in men with positive attitudes towards one's community scores that reflected good, poor and very poor community scores was 1.228, 1.246 and 1.447 times higher than that of men who had very good scores respectively. The groups with good, poor, and very poor community participation scores had 1.115, 1.202 and 1.364 times higher prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia than the group with very good scores. Social disparities and social capital of a community were associated with the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Thus, the use of social capital in the community setting will be effective in the management of the condition.
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