Vitamin D deficiency is a growing health problem in both the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and health-related quality of life in CKD is not well established. This study examined the association between vitamin D deficiency and quality of life in pre-dialysis CKD patients. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the Korean version of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life short form were obtained for 1844 pre-dialysis CKD patients in the prospective KoreaN cohort Study for Outcomes in patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD). The baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate was 50.26 ± 0.71 mL/min/1.73 m2. We identified 1294 (70.2%) patients with vitamin D deficiency, defined as a 25-hydroxyvitamin D level < 20 ng/ml. The scores of the kidney disease component summary, physical component summary, and mental component summary in the vitamin D deficiency group were significantly lower compared to the scores of those without vitamin D deficiency. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was independently associated with the kidney disease component summary and mental component summary scores (β = 0.147, p = 0.003 and β = 0.151, p = 0.047). In conclusion, there was a significant association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and kidney disease component summary and mental component summary scores in pre-dialysis CKD patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)