Objectives Vitamin D deficiency has been reported to be associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between vitamin D status and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) concentration, a marker of endothelial dysfunction, in the Korean elderly population. Study design A cross-sectional study was conducted on 269 men and 382 women (mean age, 71.6 years) enrolled in the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP), a population-based longitudinal study of health determinants in elderly Koreans. We stratified patients by vitamin D status into three groups according to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level: sufficient (≥30 ng/mL, n = 25), insufficient (10- < 30 ng/mL, n = 516), and deficient ( < 10 ng/mL, n = 110). To measure endothelial dysfunction, ADMA concentration was assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The association between 25(OH)D status and ADMA concentration was analyzed by multiple linear regression models. Results The mean ADMA concentration was significantly higher in the insufficient 25(OH)D group (0.665 μmol/L, p = 0.001) and the deficient 25(OH)D group (0.734 μmol/L, p < 0.001) compared with the sufficient 25(OH)D group (0.589 μmol/L). Even after adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, total and HDL cholesterol, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), smoking status, and drinking status, ADMA concentrations were higher in the insufficient group (β = 0.0742 μmol/L, p = 0.001) and the deficient group (β = 0.1417 μmol/L, p < 0.001) compared than in the sufficient group. In a sex-stratified analysis, 25(OH)D deficiency was associated with higher ADMA levels in both women (p < 0.001) and men (p = 0.007), while 25(OH)D deficiency was associated with higher ADMA levels in women (p < 0.001) but not in men (p = 0.631). Conclusion Our findings suggest that low serum 25(OH)D level may be associated with endothelial dysfunction in elderly Korean people.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2014S1A3A2044496) and the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare (HI13C0715), Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology