Aims: To investigate the risk of dementia in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with different oral anticoagulants (OACs). Methods and results: This observational, population-based cohort study enrolled 53 236 dementia-free individuals with non-valvular AF who were aged ≥50 years and newly prescribed OACs from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2016 from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. Propensity score matching was used to compare the rates of dementia between users of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban) and warfarin and to compare each individual NOAC with warfarin. Propensity score weighting analyses were also performed. In the study population (41.3% women; mean age: 70.7 years), 2194 had a diagnosis of incident dementia during a mean follow-up of 20.2 months. Relative to propensity-matched warfarin users, NOAC users tended to be at lower risk of dementia [hazard ratio (HR) 0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.69-0.90]. When comparing individual NOACs with warfarin, all the three NOACs were associated with lower dementia risk. In pairwise comparisons among NOACs, rivaroxaban was associated with decreased dementia risk, compared with dabigatran (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.74-0.92). Supplemental propensity-weighted analyses showed consistent protective associations of NOACs with dementia relative to warfarin. The associations were consistent irrespectively of age, sex, stroke, and vascular disease and more prominent in standard dose users of NOAC. Conclusion: In this propensity-matched and -weighted analysis using a real-world population-based cohort, use of NOACs was associated with lower dementia risk than use of warfarin among non-valvular AF patients initiating OAC treatment.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Feb 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by research grants from the Korean Healthcare Technology R&D project funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare (HI15C1200, HC19C0130).
© 2021 Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)