Association of demographic and socioeconomic factors with risk factors for chronic kidney disease

Tae Hyun Kim, Min Jee Lee, Ki Bong Yoo, Euna Han, Jae Woo Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The goal of this study was to examine the association of various demographic and socioeconomic factors with risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: We used nationally representative pooled data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2007-2013. We estimated the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. We defined CKD as a GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and 1304 of the 45 208 individuals included in the KNHANES were found to have CKD by this definition. The outcome variable was whether individual subjects adhered to the CKD prevention and management guidelines recommended by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The guidelines suggest that individuals maintain a normal weight, abstain from alcohol consumption and smoking, manage diabetes and hypertension, and engage in regular exercise in order to prevent and manage CKD. Results: This study found that individuals with CKD were more likely to be obese and have hypertension or diabetes than individuals without CKD. In particular, male and less-educated CKD patients were less likely to adhere to the guidelines. Conclusions: Although the prevalence of CKD, as indicated by the KNHANES data, decreased from 2007 to 2013, the prevalence of most risk factors associated with CKD fluctuated over the same time period. Since a variety of demographic and socioeconomic factors are related to the successful implementation of guidelines for preventing and managing CKD, individually tailored prevention activities should be developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-177
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

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Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Demography
Korea
Nutrition Surveys
Guidelines
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Hypertension
Diet Therapy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Disease Management
Alcohol Drinking
Smoking
Exercise
Kidney
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kim, Tae Hyun ; Lee, Min Jee ; Yoo, Ki Bong ; Han, Euna ; Choi, Jae Woo. / Association of demographic and socioeconomic factors with risk factors for chronic kidney disease. In: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 170-177.
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Association of demographic and socioeconomic factors with risk factors for chronic kidney disease. / Kim, Tae Hyun; Lee, Min Jee; Yoo, Ki Bong; Han, Euna; Choi, Jae Woo.

In: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 48, No. 3, 01.05.2015, p. 170-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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