Association of initial low serum selenium level with infectious complications and 30-day mortality in multiple trauma patients

Soon Bo Choi, Yun Tae Jung, Jae Gil Lee

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Abstract

Low serum selenium levels are commonly observed in critically injured multiple trauma patients. This study aimed to identify the association between initial serum selenium levels and in-hospital infectious complications in multiple trauma patients. We retrospectively reviewed multiple trauma patients admitted between January 2015 and November 2017. We selected 135 patients whose serum selenium levels were checked within 48 h of admission. Selenium deficiency was defined as a serum selenium level <70 ng/mL. Survival analyses of selenium deficiency and 30-day mortality were performed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the association between initial serum selenium level and in-hospital infectious complications. Thirty-day mortality (8.3% vs. 0.0%; p = 0.018) and incidence rates of pneumonia (66.7% vs. 28.3%; p < 0.001) and infectious complications (83.3% vs. 46.5%; p < 0.001) were higher in patients with selenium deficiency than in patients without selenium deficiency. Kaplan–Meier survival cures also showed similar results (log rank test, p = 0.021). Of 135 patients, 76 (56.3%) experienced at least one infectious complication during admission. High injury severity score (ISS, odds ratio (OR) 1.065, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.024–1.108; p = 0.002) and selenium deficiency (OR 3.995, 95% CI 1.430–11.156; p = 0.008) increased the risk of in-hospital infectious complications in multiple trauma patients. Patients with selenium deficiency showed higher 30-day mortality and higher risks of pneumonia and infectious complications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1844
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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