Background: The methylation status of the O6methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter plays a key role in response to temozolomide chemotherapy and disease prognosis in patients with wild-type isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) glioblastoma (GBM). Patients and Methods: The MGMT promoter methylation status and its association with clinicopathological parameters were retrospectively analysed in a cohort of 316 patients with GBM with wild-type IDH. Results: MGMT methylation was significantly associated with ATRX chromatin remodeler (ATRX) loss and completion of the standard Stupp protocol. The median durations of overall and progression-free survival for the unmethylated, low-methylated (10-39%), and hypermethylated (≥40%) groups were 15, 23, and 30 months and 11, 18, and 21 months, respectively. However, the improvement in the survival of the hypermethylated group was not statistically significant. Conclusion: We suggest a possible association between MGMT methylation status and ATRX mutations in GBM with wild-type IDH.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Se Hoon Kim was supported by grants from the Brain Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (Grant No. 2016M3C7A1913844). The funding source had no role in the design, practice, or analysis of this study.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research