Association of self-reported sedentary time with insulin resistance among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study

Kyeong Seok Kim, Seong Jun Kim, Seonggwan Kim, Dong Woo Choi, Yeong Jun Ju, Eun Cheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: A more sedentary lifestyle can result in insulin resistance. However, few research studies have assessed the association between insulin resistance and sedentary lifestyle in Asian populations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of sedentary time with insulin resistance. In addition, we also investigate the moderate effect of employment status, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass index (BMI) in this association. Methods: Data from 2573 individuals who participated in the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Sedentary time was measured using self-administered questionnaires, and IR data were estimated using the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from a multivariable logistic regression model were generated for all participants. Subgroup analysis was only performed between sedentary time and HOMA-IR stratified by employment status, because moderate effects were not significant in the tests for interaction for MVPA and BMI. For all analyses, the individuals were categorized as having high or normal HOMA-IR values (> 1.6 and ≤ 1.6, respectively). Results: A HOMA-IR > 1.6 was observed in 40.3% of the sedentary time Q1 (low) group (< 5.0 h/day), 41.4% of the sedentary time Q2 (middle-low) group, 44.2% of the sedentary time Q3 (middle-high) group, and 48.4% of the sedentary time Q4 (high) group (≥10.0 h/day). When the low level sedentary time group was used as the reference group, the high level sedentary time group was significantly associated with high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) (OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.060-1.838). However, this association was not significant across the other sedentary time groups. Moreover, participants reporting a high sedentary time and were employed had 1.67 times the odds of having a high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) compared to those who reported having a low sedentary time and were employed (OR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.184-2.344). In the unemployed participants, sedentary time was not associated with IR. Conclusions: High sedentary time (≥10.0 h/day) was associated with elevated HOMA-IR among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, the association between high sedentary time and HOMA-IR values was more pronounced in the employed population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1335
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 4

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Insulin Resistance
Diabetes Mellitus
Cross-Sectional Studies
Homeostasis
Sedentary Lifestyle
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Exercise
Nutrition Surveys
Population
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kim, Kyeong Seok ; Kim, Seong Jun ; Kim, Seonggwan ; Choi, Dong Woo ; Ju, Yeong Jun ; Park, Eun Cheol. / Association of self-reported sedentary time with insulin resistance among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus : A cross-sectional study. In: BMC Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 1.
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title = "Association of self-reported sedentary time with insulin resistance among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Background: A more sedentary lifestyle can result in insulin resistance. However, few research studies have assessed the association between insulin resistance and sedentary lifestyle in Asian populations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of sedentary time with insulin resistance. In addition, we also investigate the moderate effect of employment status, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass index (BMI) in this association. Methods: Data from 2573 individuals who participated in the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Sedentary time was measured using self-administered questionnaires, and IR data were estimated using the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) from a multivariable logistic regression model were generated for all participants. Subgroup analysis was only performed between sedentary time and HOMA-IR stratified by employment status, because moderate effects were not significant in the tests for interaction for MVPA and BMI. For all analyses, the individuals were categorized as having high or normal HOMA-IR values (> 1.6 and ≤ 1.6, respectively). Results: A HOMA-IR > 1.6 was observed in 40.3{\%} of the sedentary time Q1 (low) group (< 5.0 h/day), 41.4{\%} of the sedentary time Q2 (middle-low) group, 44.2{\%} of the sedentary time Q3 (middle-high) group, and 48.4{\%} of the sedentary time Q4 (high) group (≥10.0 h/day). When the low level sedentary time group was used as the reference group, the high level sedentary time group was significantly associated with high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) (OR = 1.40, 95{\%} CI: 1.060-1.838). However, this association was not significant across the other sedentary time groups. Moreover, participants reporting a high sedentary time and were employed had 1.67 times the odds of having a high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) compared to those who reported having a low sedentary time and were employed (OR = 1.67, 95{\%} CI: 1.184-2.344). In the unemployed participants, sedentary time was not associated with IR. Conclusions: High sedentary time (≥10.0 h/day) was associated with elevated HOMA-IR among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, the association between high sedentary time and HOMA-IR values was more pronounced in the employed population.",
author = "Kim, {Kyeong Seok} and Kim, {Seong Jun} and Seonggwan Kim and Choi, {Dong Woo} and Ju, {Yeong Jun} and Park, {Eun Cheol}",
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Association of self-reported sedentary time with insulin resistance among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus : A cross-sectional study. / Kim, Kyeong Seok; Kim, Seong Jun; Kim, Seonggwan; Choi, Dong Woo; Ju, Yeong Jun; Park, Eun Cheol.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1335, 04.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of self-reported sedentary time with insulin resistance among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Kim, Kyeong Seok

AU - Kim, Seong Jun

AU - Kim, Seonggwan

AU - Choi, Dong Woo

AU - Ju, Yeong Jun

AU - Park, Eun Cheol

PY - 2018/12/4

Y1 - 2018/12/4

N2 - Background: A more sedentary lifestyle can result in insulin resistance. However, few research studies have assessed the association between insulin resistance and sedentary lifestyle in Asian populations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of sedentary time with insulin resistance. In addition, we also investigate the moderate effect of employment status, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass index (BMI) in this association. Methods: Data from 2573 individuals who participated in the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Sedentary time was measured using self-administered questionnaires, and IR data were estimated using the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from a multivariable logistic regression model were generated for all participants. Subgroup analysis was only performed between sedentary time and HOMA-IR stratified by employment status, because moderate effects were not significant in the tests for interaction for MVPA and BMI. For all analyses, the individuals were categorized as having high or normal HOMA-IR values (> 1.6 and ≤ 1.6, respectively). Results: A HOMA-IR > 1.6 was observed in 40.3% of the sedentary time Q1 (low) group (< 5.0 h/day), 41.4% of the sedentary time Q2 (middle-low) group, 44.2% of the sedentary time Q3 (middle-high) group, and 48.4% of the sedentary time Q4 (high) group (≥10.0 h/day). When the low level sedentary time group was used as the reference group, the high level sedentary time group was significantly associated with high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) (OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.060-1.838). However, this association was not significant across the other sedentary time groups. Moreover, participants reporting a high sedentary time and were employed had 1.67 times the odds of having a high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) compared to those who reported having a low sedentary time and were employed (OR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.184-2.344). In the unemployed participants, sedentary time was not associated with IR. Conclusions: High sedentary time (≥10.0 h/day) was associated with elevated HOMA-IR among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, the association between high sedentary time and HOMA-IR values was more pronounced in the employed population.

AB - Background: A more sedentary lifestyle can result in insulin resistance. However, few research studies have assessed the association between insulin resistance and sedentary lifestyle in Asian populations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of sedentary time with insulin resistance. In addition, we also investigate the moderate effect of employment status, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass index (BMI) in this association. Methods: Data from 2573 individuals who participated in the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Sedentary time was measured using self-administered questionnaires, and IR data were estimated using the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from a multivariable logistic regression model were generated for all participants. Subgroup analysis was only performed between sedentary time and HOMA-IR stratified by employment status, because moderate effects were not significant in the tests for interaction for MVPA and BMI. For all analyses, the individuals were categorized as having high or normal HOMA-IR values (> 1.6 and ≤ 1.6, respectively). Results: A HOMA-IR > 1.6 was observed in 40.3% of the sedentary time Q1 (low) group (< 5.0 h/day), 41.4% of the sedentary time Q2 (middle-low) group, 44.2% of the sedentary time Q3 (middle-high) group, and 48.4% of the sedentary time Q4 (high) group (≥10.0 h/day). When the low level sedentary time group was used as the reference group, the high level sedentary time group was significantly associated with high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) (OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.060-1.838). However, this association was not significant across the other sedentary time groups. Moreover, participants reporting a high sedentary time and were employed had 1.67 times the odds of having a high IR value (HOMA-IR > 1.6) compared to those who reported having a low sedentary time and were employed (OR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.184-2.344). In the unemployed participants, sedentary time was not associated with IR. Conclusions: High sedentary time (≥10.0 h/day) was associated with elevated HOMA-IR among Korean adults without diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, the association between high sedentary time and HOMA-IR values was more pronounced in the employed population.

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