Background The association of dyslipidemia with mortality has not been fully evaluated in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Moreover, changes in lipids levels over time and associated death risk have not yet been studied in this population. Objective We studied the association of time-updated serum lipid concentrations with all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortalities in a 10-year cohort of 749 incident PD patients. Methods Association was assessed using time-varying Cox proportional hazard regression models with adjustment for multiple variables including statin therapy. Results During a median follow-up of 36 (interquartile range, 21–61) months, 273 all-cause and 107 CV deaths occurred. Compared with those with total cholesterol (TC) of 180 to <210 or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of 100 to <130 mg/dL, hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) of the lowest TC (<150 mg/dL) and LDL-C (<70 mg/dL) were 2.32 (1.61–3.35) and 2.02 (1.45–2.83) for all-cause mortality and 1.87 (1.04–3.37) and 1.92 (1.13–3.26) for CV mortality, respectively. Lower triglyceride (<100 mg/dL) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (<30 mg/dL) levels were associated with higher all-cause mortality (1.66 [1.11–2.47] and 1.57 [1.08–2.29]) but not with CV mortality. Conclusions Contrary to the general population, lower TC and LDL-C levels over time were significantly associated with both worse survival and increased CV mortality in incident PD patients. Although lower triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations were associated with significantly higher all-cause mortality, they failed to show any clear association with CV mortality. The underlying mechanisms responsible for this apparent paradox await further investigations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine