Statin use in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients are not encouraged due to low cardioprotective effects. Although the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a frequently occurring cancer in East Asia, is elevated in ESKD patients, the relationship between statins and HCC is not known despite its possible chemopreventive effect. The relationship between statin use and HCC development in ESKD patients with chronic hepatitis was evaluated. In total, 6165 dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis B or C were selected from a national health insurance database. Patients prescribed with ≥ 28 cumulative defined daily doses of statins during the first 3 months after dialysis commencement were defined as statin users, while those not prescribed with statins were considered as non-users. Primary outcome was the first diagnosis of HCC. Sub-distribution hazard model with inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to estimate HCC risk considering death as competing risk. During a median follow-up of 2.8 years, HCC occurred in 114 (3.2%) statin non-users and 33 (1.2%) statin users. The HCC risk was 41% lower in statin users than in non-users (sub-distribution hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42–0.81). The weighted incidence rate of HCC was lower in statin users than in statin non-users (incidence rate difference, − 3.7; 95% CI − 5.7 to − 1.7; P < 0.001). Incidence rate ratio (IRR) was also consistent with other analyses (IRR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.78; P < 0.001). Statin use was associated with a lower risk of incident HCC in dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis B or C infection.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
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