Association of the 276G→T polymorphism of the adiponectin gene with cardiovascular disease risk factors in nondiabetic Koreans

Yangsoo Jang, Jong Ho Lee, Jey Sook Chae, Oh Yoen Kim, Soo Jeong Koh, Ji Young Kim, Hongkeun Cho, Jong Eun Lee, Jose M. Ordovas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The adiponectin gene is known to modulate adiponectin concentrations and diabetes mellitus development. Objective: We assessed whether adiponectin gene variants contribute to circulating adiponectin, insulin resistance (IR), or cardiovascular disease risk factors. Design: Nondiabetic subjects [n = 902; x̄ ± SE age: 42.5 ± 0.53 y; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2): 24.7 ± 0.11] were genotyped for 2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 45T→G and 276G→T. Results: After adjustment for age, sex, and BMI, subjects with the G allele for the SNP 276 had significantly higher concentrations of triacylglycerol and small dense LDL (sdLDL) and smaller LDL particle size than did T/T subjects. G/G subjects at SNP 276 had significantly lower plasma adiponectin and higher homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) of IR and urinary prostaglandin F2α man did T/T subjects. In the SNP 45-276 haplotype test, we also observed that subjects with the X/X haplotype had significantly higher plasma adiponectin after adjustment than did TG/TG or TG/X haplotype subjects. In the highest BMI group (BMI ≥ 26), T/T subjects had lower HOMA-IR (P = 0.011) and higher plasma adiponectin (P = 0.026) at SNP 276 than did G/G or G/T subjects. These patterns were also seen for adiponectin in haplotype groups. However, no significant genotype effect for SNP 45T→G was observed. Conclusions: The 276G→T polymorphism of the adiponectin gene modulates circulating adiponectin and IR, particularly in obese states. G allele carriers also have higher oxidative stress, higher sdLDL concentrations, and smaller LDL particle size. Therefore, the presence of the G allele in the adiponectin gene at SNP 276 could be a significant contributor to higher cardiovascular disease risk in Koreans, independent of common environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-767
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume82
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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