Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis After Aortic Valve Replacement

In Jeong Cho, Hyuk Jae Chang, Ran Heo, In Cheol Kim, Ji Min Sung, Byung Chul Chang, Chi Young Shim, Geu Ru Hong, Namsik Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Substantial aortic calcification is known to be associated with aortic stiffening and subsequent left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. This study examined whether the thoracic aorta calcium score (TACS) is related to LV hypertrophy and whether it leads to an adverse prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) after aortic valve replacement (AVR). Methods We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients (mean age, 64 ± 11 years) with isolated severe AS who underwent noncontrast computed tomography of the entire thoracic aorta and who received AVR. TACS was quantified using the volume method with values becoming log transformed ( log [TACS+1]). Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before and 1 year after the operation. Results Preoperative LV mass index (LVMI) displayed significant positive correlations with male gender (r = 0.430, p = 0.010) and log (TACS+1) (r = 0.556, p = 0.003). In multivariate linear regression analysis, only log (TACS+1) was independently associated with LVMI, even after adjusting for age, gender, transaortic mean pressure gradient, and coronary or valve calcium score. Independent determinants for postoperative LVMI included log (TACS+1) and preoperative LVMI after 1 year of follow-up echocardiography, adjusting for age, gender, indexed effective orifice area, and coronary or valve calcium score. During a median follow-up period of 54 months after AVR, there were 10 events (21%), which included 4 deaths from all-causes, 3 strokes, 2 inpatient admissions for heart failure, and 1 myocardial infarction. The event-free survival rate was significantly lower for patients with TACS of 2,257 mm 3 or higher compared with those whose TACS was lower than 2,257 mm 3 (log-rank p < 0.001). Conclusions High TACS was associated with increased LVMI among patients with severe AS. Further, high TACS usefully predicted less regression of LVMI and poor clinical outcomes after AVR. TACS may serve as a useful proxy for predicting LV remodeling and adverse prognosis in patients with severe AS undergoing AVR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Aortic Valve Stenosis
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Thoracic Aorta
Aortic Valve
Calcium
Echocardiography
Ventricular Remodeling
Proxy
Disease-Free Survival
Inpatients
Cause of Death
Linear Models
Survival Rate
Heart Failure
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Tomography
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{ac3e3dde712a427b87c5c10031f77fab,
title = "Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis After Aortic Valve Replacement",
abstract = "Background Substantial aortic calcification is known to be associated with aortic stiffening and subsequent left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. This study examined whether the thoracic aorta calcium score (TACS) is related to LV hypertrophy and whether it leads to an adverse prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) after aortic valve replacement (AVR). Methods We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients (mean age, 64 ± 11 years) with isolated severe AS who underwent noncontrast computed tomography of the entire thoracic aorta and who received AVR. TACS was quantified using the volume method with values becoming log transformed ( log [TACS+1]). Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before and 1 year after the operation. Results Preoperative LV mass index (LVMI) displayed significant positive correlations with male gender (r = 0.430, p = 0.010) and log (TACS+1) (r = 0.556, p = 0.003). In multivariate linear regression analysis, only log (TACS+1) was independently associated with LVMI, even after adjusting for age, gender, transaortic mean pressure gradient, and coronary or valve calcium score. Independent determinants for postoperative LVMI included log (TACS+1) and preoperative LVMI after 1 year of follow-up echocardiography, adjusting for age, gender, indexed effective orifice area, and coronary or valve calcium score. During a median follow-up period of 54 months after AVR, there were 10 events (21{\%}), which included 4 deaths from all-causes, 3 strokes, 2 inpatient admissions for heart failure, and 1 myocardial infarction. The event-free survival rate was significantly lower for patients with TACS of 2,257 mm 3 or higher compared with those whose TACS was lower than 2,257 mm 3 (log-rank p < 0.001). Conclusions High TACS was associated with increased LVMI among patients with severe AS. Further, high TACS usefully predicted less regression of LVMI and poor clinical outcomes after AVR. TACS may serve as a useful proxy for predicting LV remodeling and adverse prognosis in patients with severe AS undergoing AVR.",
author = "Cho, {In Jeong} and Chang, {Hyuk Jae} and Ran Heo and Kim, {In Cheol} and Sung, {Ji Min} and Chang, {Byung Chul} and Shim, {Chi Young} and Hong, {Geu Ru} and Namsik Chung",
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Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis After Aortic Valve Replacement. / Cho, In Jeong; Chang, Hyuk Jae; Heo, Ran; Kim, In Cheol; Sung, Ji Min; Chang, Byung Chul; Shim, Chi Young; Hong, Geu Ru; Chung, Namsik.

In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 103, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 74-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis After Aortic Valve Replacement

AU - Cho, In Jeong

AU - Chang, Hyuk Jae

AU - Heo, Ran

AU - Kim, In Cheol

AU - Sung, Ji Min

AU - Chang, Byung Chul

AU - Shim, Chi Young

AU - Hong, Geu Ru

AU - Chung, Namsik

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Background Substantial aortic calcification is known to be associated with aortic stiffening and subsequent left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. This study examined whether the thoracic aorta calcium score (TACS) is related to LV hypertrophy and whether it leads to an adverse prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) after aortic valve replacement (AVR). Methods We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients (mean age, 64 ± 11 years) with isolated severe AS who underwent noncontrast computed tomography of the entire thoracic aorta and who received AVR. TACS was quantified using the volume method with values becoming log transformed ( log [TACS+1]). Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before and 1 year after the operation. Results Preoperative LV mass index (LVMI) displayed significant positive correlations with male gender (r = 0.430, p = 0.010) and log (TACS+1) (r = 0.556, p = 0.003). In multivariate linear regression analysis, only log (TACS+1) was independently associated with LVMI, even after adjusting for age, gender, transaortic mean pressure gradient, and coronary or valve calcium score. Independent determinants for postoperative LVMI included log (TACS+1) and preoperative LVMI after 1 year of follow-up echocardiography, adjusting for age, gender, indexed effective orifice area, and coronary or valve calcium score. During a median follow-up period of 54 months after AVR, there were 10 events (21%), which included 4 deaths from all-causes, 3 strokes, 2 inpatient admissions for heart failure, and 1 myocardial infarction. The event-free survival rate was significantly lower for patients with TACS of 2,257 mm 3 or higher compared with those whose TACS was lower than 2,257 mm 3 (log-rank p < 0.001). Conclusions High TACS was associated with increased LVMI among patients with severe AS. Further, high TACS usefully predicted less regression of LVMI and poor clinical outcomes after AVR. TACS may serve as a useful proxy for predicting LV remodeling and adverse prognosis in patients with severe AS undergoing AVR.

AB - Background Substantial aortic calcification is known to be associated with aortic stiffening and subsequent left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. This study examined whether the thoracic aorta calcium score (TACS) is related to LV hypertrophy and whether it leads to an adverse prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) after aortic valve replacement (AVR). Methods We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients (mean age, 64 ± 11 years) with isolated severe AS who underwent noncontrast computed tomography of the entire thoracic aorta and who received AVR. TACS was quantified using the volume method with values becoming log transformed ( log [TACS+1]). Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before and 1 year after the operation. Results Preoperative LV mass index (LVMI) displayed significant positive correlations with male gender (r = 0.430, p = 0.010) and log (TACS+1) (r = 0.556, p = 0.003). In multivariate linear regression analysis, only log (TACS+1) was independently associated with LVMI, even after adjusting for age, gender, transaortic mean pressure gradient, and coronary or valve calcium score. Independent determinants for postoperative LVMI included log (TACS+1) and preoperative LVMI after 1 year of follow-up echocardiography, adjusting for age, gender, indexed effective orifice area, and coronary or valve calcium score. During a median follow-up period of 54 months after AVR, there were 10 events (21%), which included 4 deaths from all-causes, 3 strokes, 2 inpatient admissions for heart failure, and 1 myocardial infarction. The event-free survival rate was significantly lower for patients with TACS of 2,257 mm 3 or higher compared with those whose TACS was lower than 2,257 mm 3 (log-rank p < 0.001). Conclusions High TACS was associated with increased LVMI among patients with severe AS. Further, high TACS usefully predicted less regression of LVMI and poor clinical outcomes after AVR. TACS may serve as a useful proxy for predicting LV remodeling and adverse prognosis in patients with severe AS undergoing AVR.

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