We aimed to evaluate the longitudinal interaction effects between the minor allele of FADS1 rs174547 and overweight on n-3 and n-6 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels and pulse wave velocity (PWV). Plasma PUFA levels were measured via GC-MS, and arterial stiffness was determined as brachial-ankle PWV (ba-PWV) at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 3 years. The FADS1 rs174547 T > C genotype was analyzed. At 3-years of follow-up, after adjustment for age, sex, smoking and drinking, there were interaction effects between the FADS1 rs174547 T > C genotype and baseline BMI on the changes (from baseline) in plasma arachidonic acid (AA) levels, in the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/AA ratio, and in ba-PWV (p for interaction = 0.036, 0.022, and 0.001, respectively). There were smaller increases in AA levels from baseline among normal-weight C allele carriers (n = 112) and overweight TT subjects (n = 47) than among normal-weight TT subjects (n = 91). Overweight C allele carriers (n = 37) showed greater reductions in the plasma EPA/AA ratio and greater increases in ba-PWV than the 3 other populations studied. The minor allele of the FADS1 rs174547 polymorphism is associated with age-related decreases in the EPA/AA ratio and increases in ba-PWV among overweight subjects.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Mar|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology