Atlas-based auto-segmentation for postoperative radiotherapy planning in endometrial and cervical cancers

Nalee Kim, Jee Suk Chang, Yong Bae Kim, Jin Sung Kim

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18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Since intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has become popular for the treatment of gynecologic cancers, the contouring process has become more critical. This study evaluated the feasibility of atlas-based auto-segmentation (ABAS) for contouring in patients with endometrial and cervical cancers. Methods: A total of 75 sets of planning CT images from 75 patients were collected. Contours for the pelvic nodal clinical target volume (CTV), femur, and bladder were carefully generated by two skilled radiation oncologists. Of 75 patients, 60 were randomly registered in three different atlas libraries for ABAS in groups of 20, 40, or 60. ABAS was conducted in 15 patients, followed by manual correction (ABASc). The time required to generate all contours was recorded, and the accuracy of segmentation was assessed using Dice's coefficient (DC) and the Hausdorff distance (HD) and compared to those of manually delineated contours. Results: For ABAS-CTV, the best results were achieved with groups of 60 patients (DC, 0.79; HD, 19.7 mm) and the worst results with groups of 20 patients (DC, 0.75; p = 0.012; HD, 21.3 mm; p = 0.002). ABASc-CTV performed better than ABAS-CTV in terms of both HD and DC (ABASc [n = 60]; DC, 0.84; HD, 15.6 mm; all p < 0.017). ABAS required an average of 45.1 s, whereas ABASc required 191.1 s; both methods required less time than the manual methods (p < 0.001). Both ABAS-Femur and simultaneous ABAS-Bilateral-femurs showed satisfactory performance, regardless of the atlas library used (DC > 0.9 and HD ≤10.0 mm), with significant time reduction compared to that needed for manual delineation (p < 0.001). However, ABAS-Bladder did not prove to be feasible, with inferior results regardless of library size (DC < 0.6 and HD > 40 mm). Furthermore, ABASc-Bladder required a longer processing time than manual contouring to achieve the same accuracy. Conclusions: ABAS could help physicians to delineate the CTV and organs-at-risk (e.g., femurs) in IMRT planning considering its consistency, efficacy, and accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106
JournalRadiation Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 13

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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