Atomic layer deposited tungsten nitride thin film as a contact barrier layer for sub-80 nm dynamic random access memory

Soo Hyun Kim, Jun Ki Kim, Nohjung Kwak, Hyunchul Sohn, Jinwoong Kim, Sung Hoon Jung, Mi Ran Hong, Sang Hyeob Lee, Josh Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Tungsten nitride thin films were grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using alternating exposures of B 2 H 6 , WF 6 , and NH 3 at 300 °C. The film thickness linearly increased with the number of the reaction cycles and determined growth rate was ∼ 0.28 nm/cycle with B 2 H 6 , WF 6 and NH 3 pulse time of 5, 0.25, and 2 s, respectively. The film had a resisitivity of ∼ 350 μΩ-cm with metallic W-N bond and density of ∼15 g/cm 3 at 10 nm thickness. X-ray diffractometry analysis showed that the film had nanocrystalline grains with β-W 2 N and δ-WN phase. Step coverage was approximately 100% even on the 0.14 μm diameter contact hole with 16:1 aspect ratio. ALD-WN x film was evaluated as a barrier layer for W-plug deposition at the contact with an ultrahigh aspect ratio of about 17 for sub-80 nm dynamic random access memory. The results showed that while TiN control group has failed or has a higher contact resistance, ALD-WN x control group showed a low contact resistance. The plan-view scanning electron microscopy images after focused ion beam milling showed that a new contact integration scheme with ALD-WN x showed better plug filling capability due to its excellent step coverage. We also demonstrated that ALD-WN x was successfully integrated at plate contact of polycrystalline Si or TiN and at via contact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Metallization Conference (AMC)
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar 23
Event22nd Annual Advanced Metallization Conference, AMC 2005 - Colorado, Springs, CO, United States
Duration: 2005 Sep 272005 Sep 29

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kim, S. H., Kim, J. K., Kwak, N., Sohn, H., Kim, J., Jung, S. H., Hong, M. R., Lee, S. H., & Collins, J. (2006). Atomic layer deposited tungsten nitride thin film as a contact barrier layer for sub-80 nm dynamic random access memory. Advanced Metallization Conference (AMC), 213-219.