Augmentation of keratinized tissue at tooth and implant sites by using autogenous grafts and collagen-based soft-tissue substitutes

Daniel S. Thoma, Hyun Chang Lim, Kyeong Won Paeng, Myong Ji Kim, Ronald E. Jung, Christoph H.F. Hämmerle, Ui Won Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effect of three treatment modalities on the gain of keratinized tissue (KT) at tooth and implant sites in dogs. Materials and Methods: In five dogs, the distal roots of the mandibular second, third and fourth premolars were extracted, while the mesial roots were maintained. After 2 months of healing, implants were placed with KT excision. After another 2 months of healing, free gingival grafts, collagen-based matrices and apically positioned flap only were applied. The height of KT was measured during implant placement, immediately before soft-tissue grafting and after 10, 30 and 60 days. Results: Two months after KT excision, spontaneous KT regrowth was greater at tooth sites than at implant sites (median, 2.0 mm vs. 1.1 mm). The outcomes of soft-tissue grafting at implant sites favoured the free gingival graft treatment, with a greater final median height (5.0–5.5 mm) and increase in KT (4.0–4.2 mm). Locations of the recipient sites significantly influenced KT regeneration at both tooth and implant sites. Conclusions: At implant sites, the free gingival graft treatment led to higher KT regeneration. At tooth sites, however, the differences between the three treatment modalities seemed clinically irrelevant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-71
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

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