Autothermal reforming of methane to syngas with palladium catalysts and an electric metal monolith heater

Kyoungmo Koo, Jaekyung Yoon, Changha Lee, Hyunku Joo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The autothermal reforming of methane to syngas for use in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis was studied in this work over PdO containing various combinations of CeO2, BaO or SrO in a washcoated form on a metallic monolith at atmospheric pressure. This study focused on the autothermal operation of the system, in which an electric heater inside the reactor was used only to reach the ignition temperature, and thereafter the autothermal reaction successfully sustained itself without any external heat source. It was concluded from the experiments that the PdO/Al2O3 catalyst was better than the others, except for PdO-CeO2-BaO-SrO/Al 2O3, which showed similar performance in terms of the CH4 conversion and H2+CO selectivity, while affording a higher H2/CO ratio (close to ca. 3) than the PdO/Al2O 3 catalyst did (close to ca. 2). The gas hourly space velocity and O2/CH4 ratio governed the methane conversion, while the H2O/CH4 ratio controlled the H2/CO ratio. A methane conversion of ∼87%, H2+CO selectivity of ∼94%, H 2/CO ratio of ∼2.9, and M factor ∼2.15 were obtained under the conditions of a gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 120,000 h-1, O2/CH4=0.6 and H2O/CH4=0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1059
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Methane
Palladium
Carbon Monoxide
Reforming reactions
Metals
Catalysts
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Gases
Atmospheric pressure
Ignition
Experiments
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The autothermal reforming of methane to syngas for use in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis was studied in this work over PdO containing various combinations of CeO2, BaO or SrO in a washcoated form on a metallic monolith at atmospheric pressure. This study focused on the autothermal operation of the system, in which an electric heater inside the reactor was used only to reach the ignition temperature, and thereafter the autothermal reaction successfully sustained itself without any external heat source. It was concluded from the experiments that the PdO/Al2O3 catalyst was better than the others, except for PdO-CeO2-BaO-SrO/Al 2O3, which showed similar performance in terms of the CH4 conversion and H2+CO selectivity, while affording a higher H2/CO ratio (close to ca. 3) than the PdO/Al2O 3 catalyst did (close to ca. 2). The gas hourly space velocity and O2/CH4 ratio governed the methane conversion, while the H2O/CH4 ratio controlled the H2/CO ratio. A methane conversion of ∼87{\%}, H2+CO selectivity of ∼94{\%}, H 2/CO ratio of ∼2.9, and M factor ∼2.15 were obtained under the conditions of a gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 120,000 h-1, O2/CH4=0.6 and H2O/CH4=0.5.",
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Autothermal reforming of methane to syngas with palladium catalysts and an electric metal monolith heater. / Koo, Kyoungmo; Yoon, Jaekyung; Lee, Changha; Joo, Hyunku.

In: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 5, 01.09.2008, p. 1054-1059.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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