Band Convergence in Thermoelectric Materials: Theoretical Background and Consideration on Bi-Sb-Te Alloys

Kyu Hyoung Lee, Sang il Kim, Hyun Sik Kim, Sung Wng Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Band engineering is one of core approaches to improve the performance of thermoelectric materials via the Seebeck coefficient enhancement. However, the conclusion that is often found in the literature is that the band engineering has been achieved in haste when a simple increase in a density-of-states effective mass is observed. In this review, a theoretical background to the band convergence, the most effective band engineering strategy to improve the thermoelectric power factor, is provided. In addition, a straightforward reasoning that can be employed to distinguish the occurrence of band convergence in the observed Seebeck coefficient increase is presented with Bi-Sb-Te-based alloys as an example. We expect that this review will be served as a practical guide for the composition-controlled material design to improve the electronic transport properties in thermoelectric materials on the basis of the band engineering route.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2214-2223
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 23

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIP) (NRF-2015R1A5A1036133, NRF-2017R1A2B3011949).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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