The interfacial reaction of hafnium-silicate [(HfO2) x (SiO2) 1-x, x=0.5,0.7] thin films grown on Ge(001) by atomic layer deposition was investigated using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and medium energy ion scattering spectroscopy. According to the peak changes in Hf 4f and Ge 3d, the Hf-silicate film reacted with the oxidized Ge surface forming Hf-germanate at the interface. The formation of Hf-germanate induced band bending of the Ge substrate at the interface and decreased band gap to 5.1 eV, which was lower than that of GeO2 (5.6 eV). In particular, the interfacial reaction was dependent on the amount of SiO2 in the Hf-silicate film, which resulted in more decrement in the band gap in the film with a high SiO2 fraction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partly supported by the IT R&D program of MKE/IITA and the system IC 2010 program.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry